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Labor Issues in Infrastructure Reform : A Toolkit, Modules 2-7

2004, Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility

A universal concern in infrastructure reforms is the effect such reforms have on labor. State-owned infrastructure firms often employ more people than required for efficiency, and often under favorable terms and conditions of service, leading to lower labor productivity and higher labor costs than private employers would bear. Some reform, in particular those involving private participation in infrastructure (PPI), may thus prompt surplus labor and changes in working conditions as governments adjust the work force to prepare for PPI, or as new owners or operators introduce efficiency improvements and expose enterprises to greater management discipline, new technologies, and increasing competition. The primary objective of this Toolkit is to provide practical tools and information to help policymakers handle labor issues in private participation in infrastructure (PPI). The Toolkit consists of seven modules: 1) Framework and overview of the entire toolkit; 2) Labor impacts of PPI; 3) Assessing the size and scope of labor restructuring; 4) Strategies and options; 5) Key elements of a labor program; 6) Engaging with stakeholders; 7) Monitoring and evaluation of labor programs. The Toolkit also contains a web-based CD-ROM with searchable documents, spreadsheets, sample terms of reference for obtaining the needed expertise to carry out various labor-related tasks, case studies, and other relevant data.

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Handbook for Preparing a Resettlement Action Plan

2002-04, International Finance Corporation

This handbook intends to document the essential steps for best practice in the design, and implementation of resettlement action plans. Given that involuntary resettlement entails both the physical displacement of peoples, and the disruption of their livelihoods, social development specialists at the International Finance Corporation (IFC), worked together with project developers to ensure consistent, and pragmatic application of the Bank Group policies, and guidelines, contributing to the mitigation of environmental, and social risks. The handbook outlines the policy, and principles of resettlement, stipulating these principles as follows: 1) involuntary resettlement should be avoided; 2) where involuntary resettlement is unavoidable, affected people should be compensated fully, and fairly for lost assets; 3) involuntary resettlement should be conceived as an opportunity to improve the livelihoods of the affected people, and, undertaken accordingly; and, 4) people affected by involuntary resettlement, should be consulted, and involved in resettlement planning, to ensure that mitigation, and benefits are appropriate and sustainable. Section I presents the scope of application, reviewing the types of resettlement, public disclosure requirements, and special considerations. Section II examines the components of a resettlement action plan, through the identification of project impacts, and affected population - mapping, census, inventory of affected assets, socioeconomic studies, and consultation processes - to the legal framework on compensation, resettlement assistance, budget and implementation schedule, in addition to grievance redress and, monitoring and evaluation. Sections III and IV present an implementation checklist, and outline a resettlement action plan, respectively.

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Labor Issues in Infrastructure Reform : A Toolkit, Module 1

2004, Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility

A universal concern in infrastructure reforms is the effect such reforms have on labor. State-owned infrastructure firms often employ more people than required for efficiency, and often under favorable terms and conditions of service, leading to lower labor productivity and higher labor costs than private employers would bear. Some reform, in particular those involving private participation in infrastructure (PPI), may thus prompt surplus labor and changes in working conditions as governments adjust the work force to prepare for PPI, or as new owners or operators introduce efficiency improvements and expose enterprises to greater management discipline, new technologies, and increasing competition. The primary objective of this Toolkit is to provide practical tools and information to help policymakers handle labor issues in private participation in infrastructure (PPI). The Toolkit consists of seven modules: 1) Framework and overview of the entire toolkit; 2) Labor impacts of PPI; 3) Assessing the size and scope of labor restructuring; 4) Strategies and options; 5) Key elements of a labor program; 6) Engaging with stakeholders; 7) Monitoring and evaluation of labor programs. The Toolkit also contains a web-based CD-ROM with searchable documents, spreadsheets, sample terms of reference for obtaining the needed expertise to carry out various labor-related tasks, case studies, and other relevant data.

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Developing Government Bond Markets : A Handbook

2001-07, World Bank, International Monetory Fund

This handbook is designed as a reference source for two distinct user groups involved in the development of government bonds markets: 1) senior government officials responsible for developing the government bond market; and 2) individuals responsible for guiding the market development process at the operational level, and who have a substantial need to understand the policy issues involved. The handbook is structured as follows: Chapter 1 provides an overview of certain policy considerations relevant to developing a government bond market. This overview considers key issues, but at a level of generality appropriate for senior govenrment offcials responsible for making key strategic decisions. The remaining eleven chapters present more detailed discussions of key policy issues, including substantive considerations relating to implementation. The handbook's primary emphasis, however, focuses on the policy dimension of developing medium-and long-term bond markets. It is not intended as a technical manual for use by individuals engaged in day-to-day implementation or operations. The handbook also provides bibliographic and website references for those interested in pursuing further issues covered. A comprehensive glossary of terms related to securities markets appears at the end of the handbook.

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Analyzing and Managing Banking Risk : A Framework for Assessing Corporate Governance and Financial Risk Management, Second Edition

2003-04, Van Greuning, Hennie

This publication aims to complement existing methodologies by establishing a comprehensive framework for the assessment of banks, not only by using financial data, but also by considering corporate governance. It argues that each of the key players in the corporate governance process (such as shareholders, directors, executive managers, and internal and external auditors) is responsible for some component of financial and operational risk management. Following a holistic overview of bank analysis in Chapter 2, the importance of banking supervision in the context of corporate governance is discussed in Chapter 3. This chapter also considers the partnership approach and the emerging framework for corporate governance and risk management, as well as the identification and allocation of tasks as part of the risk management process. The framework for risk management is further discussed in Chapters 4 through 11.