Debt Management Performance Assessment

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  • Publication
    Debt Management Performance Assessment: Dominica
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2018-08) World Bank
    The World Bank and the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB) undertook a comprehensive assessment of the debt management (DeM) functions of the Government of Dominica (GoD) from June 18 to 22, 2018.The main outcomes of the debt management performance assessment are as follows: The assessment indicates that legal framework includes clear authorization for the Minister of Finance to borrow and issue loan guarantees on behalf of the Government. However, authorization to issue bonds in the regional market is not clearly framework is fragmented and does not include borrowing purposes. The Debt Management Unit (DMU) is the principal guarantee entity but the borrowing operations involve more entities and are not well coordinated.Reasonably reliable debt service forecasts are produced by the DMU, but in-house debt sustainability analysis (DSA) is not undertaken. A staff in Macroeconomic Unit within the MoF has received training in the use of DSA framework and plans to undertake the exercise in-house in the coming fiscal year.Cash flows are forecasted on a monthly basis, but not submitted to the ECCB for liquidity management purposes. The Government has access to a well-developed Regional Government Securities Market (RGSM), but the potential has not been fully reaped, since Treasury bills (T-bills) are also issued locally with less advanced techniques, implying significant exposure to operational risks.Monthly detailed cash flow forecasts are prepared by the Accountant General´s Office (AGO) which could be used to guide upcoming budget allocation and short-term T-bill issuance for cash management purposes.The DMU is maintaining complete government debt and guarantees’ records which are updated quickly due to well-developed contacts with creditors and projects.The DMU has developed a draft procedures manual but it does not cover all DeM procedures and it has not been finalized. The DMU staff capacity is not sufficient and the work is not organized with adequate segregation of duties.
  • Publication
    Debt Management Performance Assessment: Kosovo
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2017-12) World Bank
    At the request of the Government of Kosovo (GoK), a World Bank (WB) mission visited Kosovo during September 26 to October 04, 2017 to conduct a debt management performance assessment (DeMPA). The objectives of the mission were (i) to assess the strengths and areas of development; (ii) to discuss the authorities’ immediate needs for TA and follow-up reform plan activities. This report assesses the debt management performance of the government to manage central government debt by applying the 2015 DeMPA methodology. This is the second evaluation of the government debt performances for the country. The first DeMPA assessment was conducted in 2012. Kosovo also benefitted from a Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy mission in February 2017. The mission worked with government officials from Cash and Debt Management Department (CDMD) of the Treasury, an agency of Ministry of Finance (MoF), as the main counter party. Meetings were also held with the Central Bank of Kosovo (CBK), National Audit Office (NAO), Kosovo Pension Savings Fund (KPSF), and three primary dealer banks, as well as with various units of the MoF, including human resources, legal office and internal audit. The mission agenda and the list of officials met during the mission are included in Annex 1. The main findings of this assessment along the five main areas of the DeMPA methodology are summarized below. Overall, there have been noteworthy improvements in various areas of debt management, including strategy development, domestic borrowing, debt reporting and recording. Challenges mainly arise from staffing constraints, which induce a high level of operational risk.
  • Publication
    Debt Management Performance Assessment: Cabo Verde
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-10) World Bank
    This report assesses the debt management performance of the government of Cabo Verde by applying the 2015 World Bank debt management performance assessment (DeMPA) methodology. Overall, there have been positive developments in government debt management practices in Cabo Verde. Some of those developments are reflected in improved DeMPA scores, as in the case of the preparation of a medium-term debt management strategy (DMS), publication of debt management information, and documentation of procedures in the domestic market. In some other cases, improvements were not enough to change the scores, although relevant and acknowledged, such as the case of domestic borrowing. In a number of other dimensions, such as those related to debt recording and operational risk, challenges persist. Annex 1 brings a detailed update on the implementation of the debt management reform plan designed in 2013, showing good improvement in some areas, in particular the development of a DMS and debt management reporting, but less progress in operational risk management and data recording.
  • Publication
    Debt Management Reform Plan : Madagascar
    (Washington, DC, 2014-02) World Bank
    The reform plan pillars outlined in this report build on the findings of the 2013 World Bank Debt Management Performance Assessment (DeMPA) for Madagascar and the discussions held during this mission with the central government representatives. Recent presidential elections and envisaged inauguration of the new government provides an enabling environment for engaging into broad economic and institutional reforms. Improvement of the governance practices and continuation of the public finance management reforms are among priorities stipulated in the President's reform agenda. It is important to mention that during the last two years MoFB's Treasury undertook a number of initiatives to improve government debt management. The Public Debt Directorate (DDP) was reorganized in 2012 and additional staff was hired during the last calendar year. Improvement of existing legal framework was initiated by the DDP in close cooperation with legal advisers of the Treasury. The main areas of reforms identified include: (i) improvement of the legal framework, (ii) formulation of a debt management strategy, (iii) improvement of central government borrowing policies, and (iv) operational risk management.
  • Publication
    Georgia Debt Management Performance Assessment
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2013-08) World Bank
    After a prolonged economic downturn in the early 1990s Georgia has succeeded in improving economic performance. The Government of Georgia undertook large-scale reforms that encouraged increased output growth. Over the period 2003-2012 the Georgian economy grew at an average annual rate of 6.6 percent. Privatization, new simplified tax codes introduced in 2005 and 2010 which reduced the complexity and number of taxes, the cancellation of import duties on approximately 90 percent of goods, and an 88 percent reduction in the number of licenses for doing business resulted in increasing foreign investment inflows into the country. Large external public borrowing to finance energy imports during the first years of independence resulted in a quick accumulation of external debt stock, which exceeded 80 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by the end of 1994. As a result of strong performance in 1996-1998 when the country's economy grew at 10 percent annually on average, the external debt declined sharply to below 58 percent of GDP. However, depreciation of the Lari against the US dollar during the Russian crisis diminished these achievements. The declining of the debt-to-GDP ratio resumed in 2000. From June 17-26, 2013, a World Bank tea
  • Publication
    Debt Management Performance Assessment : Ethiopia
    (Washington, DC, 2013-06) World Bank
    The DeMPA is a methodology for assessing public debt management performance through a comprehensive set of indicators spanning the full range of government debt management functions. The DeMPA tool presents debt performance indicators along with a scoring methodology. This report pertains to a debt management performance assessment of Ethiopia in 2013, and provides an overview of strengths and weaknesses in government debt management. The following are the significant findings of this assessment: 1) no formal debt management strategy in place, although significant progress has been made over time; 2) there is good coordination and information sharing between the fiscal and monetary authorities and the debt managers; 3) There are documented procedures for external and domestic borrowings as well as for on-lending and loan guarantees; 4) an efficient single treasury account is not yet in place, and surplus cash is invested at low rates; 5) there is an understanding of operational risk but not yet a formal framework for operational risk management; and 6) there are complete and timely debt records for all central government debt and guarantees, with appropriate evaluation and disclosure of information on total central government debt management operations.
  • Publication
    Madagascar : Debt Management Performance Assessment
    (Washington, DC, 2013-03-01) World Bank
    Madagascar's central government debt stood at around 30 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2011. Due to political developments in 2008-2009, the Acting government of Madagascar has limited borrowing opportunities from both external and domestic lenders. This situation is expected to change after the upcoming general elections planned for mid-2013. The legal framework for government debt management is unclear in some parts and in general underdeveloped. Thus, for 2013 fiscal year, the Parliament has authorized the government to borrow internally and externally for the implementation of various development projects. There are no specific debt management objectives, no requirement to develop a debt management strategy, and no evaluation process reflected in the primary legislation. An important step has been taken by reorganizing the Public Debt Directorate (PDD) of the Ministry of Finance and Budget as the Principal DeM entity of the government. It manages both external and domestic debt, and takes part in all loan negotiations. Yet to be prepared is a debt statistical bulletin and a comprehensive DeM strategy. There was one external compliance audit prepared in 2011 for the period of 2006-2008, but no performance audits. The final audit report was developed in 2012, but is not made public. There is no formal or informal debt management strategy in Madagascar. There is also no evaluation and disclosure of information on public government debt management. The debt statistical bulletin, prepared during 2012, is still in a draft form.
  • Publication
    Sudan Debt Management Performance Assessment
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2012-05) World Bank
    The Republic of Sudan is the third largest country in Africa, following the July 2011 secession of South Sudan, with an area of 1.8 million square kilometers and a population of 33.4 million, half of which live in urban areas. It is strategically located between Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East, with direct borders with Central African Republic, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, and South Sudan. Sudan is a federal republic, and the vertical structure of government consists of three tiers. The central government is embodied in the office of the President, the Council of Ministers, and the National Assembly and the two main tiers at the sub-national levels are the state tier (with 17 states) and the locality tier. The implications of the country's current political and economic transition on debt management are fundamental. The permanent fiscal shock from lower oil revenues has put heavy pressure on the budget, with fewer resources available for debt repayment and with increased needs for borrowing for deficit financing, including monetization. External resources are limited given the arrears Sudan has with many creditors and associated lack of access to concessional financing, plus traditional global markets are stressed from fiscal problems in many countries. The government has already been very active in domestic markets, and the availability of additional resources from the private sector is a concern. The DeMPA focuses on central government debt management activities and closely-related functions, such as the issuance of loan guarantees, on-lending, cash flow forecasting, and cash balance management. Thus, the DeMPA does not assess the ability to manage the wider public debt portfolio, including implicit contingent liabilities (such as liabilities of the pension system) or the debt of state-owned enterprises (SOEs), if these are not guaranteed by the central government.
  • Publication
    Debt Management Performance Assessment : Nigeria
    (Washington, DC, 2012-05) World Bank
    The DeMPA is a methodology for assessing public debt management performance through a comprehensive set of indicators spanning the full range of government debt management functions. The DeMPA tool presents debt performance indicators along with a scoring methodology. This report pertains to a debt management performance assessment of Nigeria in 2012. Areas with very high scores include the managerial set-up, evaluation of debt management operations, as well as domestic and external borrowing practices. There have been substantial improvements in management of operational risks, demonstrated by the availability of procedures manuals and data security and back-ups, and in debt reporting.
  • Publication
    Union of the Comoros : Debt Management Performance Assessment
    (Washington, Dc, 2011-06) World Bank
    This study shows that performance in terms of debt management has been weakened by recurrent political and institutional crises experienced by the country in recent years and has had a negative impact on the State's ability to both mobilize external financing and to honor its financial commitments. The accumulation of external arrears has increased by extension of the depletion sources of funding. However, the government recently initiated numerous actions contributing to a more serene climate at home with the establishment of democratic governance, developing a program of poverty reduction and regularization of arrears. This more favorable environment will soon pave the way for more substantial outside funding, especially following the accession of the Comoros to the enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC), and therefore requires the full attention of the authorities to implement better management of public debt. This evaluation is part of this perspective. Overall, performance in terms of debt management in the Comoros is satisfactory in all three of the following areas: (i) coordination with fiscal policy, including the integration of forecasts and actual payment of debt service in the preparation and monitoring of budget, (ii) coordination with monetary policy focused on the management of statutory advances granted by the Central Bank of Comoros (BCC), and (iii) procedures for payment of service external debt.