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Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-10) World Bank GroupThe Kyrgyz Republic became a parliamentary democracy in 2010 following political turmoil and ethnic unrest. Kyrgyz Republic’s economy has been resilient; however, the growth momentum of the past few years has been declining due to the difficult global economic environment and regional conflicts’ spillover effects on the country. While the shift provided a drive for critical fiscal reforms, financial sector reforms turned out to be challenging. The country successfully completed a three-year arrangement under the Extended Credit Facility in 2014. During the period, macro-economic stability was restored, and growth picked up. Inflation was kept below 10 per cent throughout the program. However, deepening economic crisis in Russia, adverse weather and the initial impact of the accession to the Eurasian Economic Union were the key contributing factors to the worsening outlook in 2015. Weaker demand in Russia and Kazakhstan adversely affect the exports and re-export sectors. Remittances from workers in Russia and Kazakhstan, which contribute about 30 percent of the country’s economy, have slowed down, and are expected to decline by more than 10 percent in 2015.
Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-09-01) World Bank GroupThe Subnational DeMPA is a methodology for assessing subnational debt management performance at the level of local government through a comprehensive set of indicators spanning the full range of subnational debt management functions. The SN DeMPA methodology was revised and aligned to the updates of the sovereign DeMPA during 2015. The objective of the 2016 update of Subnational DeMPA methodology is to revise the evaluation criteria in line with the changing practices for subnational government debt management and requirements of the client countries, as well as to take into account revised criteria of the sovereign DeMPA methodology which took place in 2015. The revised methodology combines the original SN DeMPA Tool and Guide into one unified methodological framework. Substantial revisions and additions are made in order to address the issues that arose during the earlier assessments. A revised Subnational DeMPA tool (2016) comprises of five core areas, 13 DPIs and 31 dimensions, which are applied to evaluate the capacity of the subnational borrower to manage the debt portfolio. This methodology is applied starting September 2016. For any additional information or questions, please contact: Lilia Razlog, Senior Debt Specialist, E-mail: email@example.com