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Reforming the Basic Benefits Package in Armenia: Modeling Insights from the Health Interventions Prioritization Tool(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021-03-26) Fraser, Nicole ; Chukwuma, Adanna ; Koshkakaryan, Marianna ; Yengibaryan, Lusine ; Hou, Xiaohui ; Wilkinson, TommyArmenia is an upper-middle-income (UMI) country in the South Caucasus region. The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and a regional crisis have resulted in the real economy's contraction following rapid growth in the past five years. Improving access to high-quality health care is essential for responding to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and preventing mortality from infectious diseases in Armenia. Armenia is faced with the challenge of achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC) when funding for health services faces downward pressures due to a donor funding transition, the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, and regional conflict. This report is part of the World Bank’s technical support toward universal health coverage in Armenia, which includes advisory services and analytics aimed at supporting the government’s efforts to expand access to high-quality health care. The report draws on the Health Interventions prioritization tool to optimize allocations across essential health services in the basic benefits package and estimate the potential impact of these allocations on population health.
Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-09) Chukwuma, Adanna ; Meessen, Bruno ; Lylozian, Hratchia ; Gong, Estelle ; Ghazaryan, EmmaThis report is an activity under the technical support towards universal health coverage in Armenia, which includes advisory services and analytics aimed at supporting the government’s efforts to expand access to high-quality health care. The report, Strategic Purchasing for Better Health in Armenia, draws on an adaptation of the strategic purchasing progress framework to examine the country’s experience in purchasing healthcare, identify contextual factors that limit the potential of purchasing to reform healthcare, and integrate these findings with relevant global examples of strategic purchasing reforms. The authors conclude the report with tailored recommendations for strategic purchasing that can improve population health.
Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-01) World BankArmenia's economy is heavily reliant on domestic demand, which is itself driven by remittances that support local construction and consumption. Armenia will need to shift to an export led strategy if it is to move from middle income to high-income status. Because Armenia is a landlocked country with comparatively high trading costs in physical goods, high-tech digital exports will continue to be key to Armenia's growth. This report seeks to identify strategic opportunities for Armenia’s private sector in high-tech global value chains (GVCs) and also highlights reforms that could support Armenia’s evolution. The study builds on the FY18 Armenia Systematic Country Diagnostic, which identifies value-chain development as a core building block for sectoral growth. Although the report is targeted at policy makers in the Armenian government, sectoral development strategies rely heavily on strong private sector engagement and open public-private dialogue. Armenia's tech community may therefore also take interest in this analysis.