Agricultural and Rural Development Notes

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This series on commodity risk management aims to disseminate the results of World Bank research that describes the feasibility of developing countries’ ability to utilize market-based tools to mitigate risks associated with commodity price volatility and weather.

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    Returning Young Mexican Farmers to the Land
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2007-06) de Dinechin, Frederic ; Larson, Gunnar
    This note recounts that by the early 2000s, the Government of Mexico and the Secretariat of Agrarian Reform, in particular, had come to see investment in "the more dynamic young segment of the population endowed with more human capital" as the key to revitalizing the moribund rural economy of the country's social sector. Approaching this objective programmatically would entail establishing a land fund from which to lend to young farmers, and creating effective incentives for older landholders to transfer their land. Careful analysis would be required, including examination of social welfare schemes, to assure that senior landholders who transfer their land to younger counterparts could do so without relinquishing their security. By 2006, the program had been deemed a success and had become an example for all of Mexico.
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    Expanding Post-Harvest Finance Through Warehouse Receipts and Related Instruments
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2006-03) Baldwin, Marisa ; Bryla, Erin ; Langenbucher, Anja
    Warehouse receipt financing and similar types of collateralized lending provide an alternative to traditional lending requirements of banks and other financiers and could provide opportunities to expand this lending in emerging economies for agricultural trade. The main contents include: what is warehouse receipt financing; what is the value of warehouse receipt financing; other collateral lending mechanisms; tradable receipt financing -- the example of cedula de produto rural in Brazil; and the use of reverse factoring -- the example of nafin in Mexico. The paper concludes that through innovative approaches in different emerging markets both warehouse receipts and innovative collateralized lending mechanisms could provide opportunities to expand the levels of post-harvest financing being provided to producers, traders, processors, and other agribusinesses.