Other Public Sector Study

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    Leveraging ICT Platforms to Foster Citizen Engagement For Enhanced Public Accountability: The Korean Experience
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2019-05-10) Bae, You-Jin ; Choi, Seung Won ; Kim, Min Jeong ; Kim, Seongjun
    This learning note aims to document the experience of the Board of Audit and Inspection of Korea (BAI) and the online administrative appeals hub system of Korea’s Central Administrative Appeals Commission (CAAC) in leveraging ICT platforms for citizen engagement. The note both analyzes participatory practices and examines how the use of ICT platforms contributed to enhance public outreach by making citizen engagement in public accountability more cost-effective, scalable, transparent, and inclusive. The learning note targets accountability institutions (such as supreme audit institutions, anti corruption agencies,and so on), as well as representatives from civil society organizations and citizens around the world interested in knowing more about the experience of Korea, including the challenges and opportunities, in leveraging ICT tools to foster citizen engagement for enhanced public accountability.
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    A Comparative Analysis of Laws on Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Systems: Estonia, Ethiopia, Vietnam, and South Korea
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2017-09) World Bank ; Korea Legislation Research Institute
    If one lives in a society in which unique identification numbers (UINs) are assigned upon registration of birth and such registration almost always occurs immediately after birth and in which the UIN allows the individual to access the system of social welfare and services, it is hard to imagine that a person can exist without any state-recognized systematic registration process, but this is reality in many parts of the world. Whereas citizens of the developed world take registration of vital events such as births, deaths, marriages, and divorces as a matter of course, the births of millions of babies born every year around the world are not registered, and more than half of the deaths on earth are not recorded. The government of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic requested support from the World Bank Group to help review its 2009 Family Registration Law in preparation for amendment of the law, which is expected to be submitted to the ordinary session of the National Assembly, VIII Legislature in April 2018. Accordingly, Korea Legislation Research Institute's (KLRI) Office of Global Legal Research was enlisted to conduct the requested research by comparing the civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) laws of four countries with diverse systems: Estonia, Ethiopia, Vietnam, and South Korea. The findings may also be of interest to other countries that are considering reviewing, amending, or enacting CRVS laws.