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Publication(World Bank, 2009-11-13) World BankSince 1999, Nigeria has made significant progress in economic reform. Sound macroeconomic policies, combined with structural reforms aimed at increasing the supply responsiveness of the economy, ushered in sustained high growth, driven by the non-oil economy. The goal of this book is to shed light on the extent to which Nigeria's much improved economic performance has impacted the labor market, and to develop a growth strategy that could enhance the employment intensity of growth. The report consists of six chapters. Chapter one provides an overview of the book's main findings, reviews Nigeria's growth performance from 2001 to 2007, and addresses the question of the sustainability of that growth performance. Chapter two analyzes the evolution of the labor market since 1999. The analysis focuses on the share of the formal and informal sectors in employment; the development of incomes; and the unemployment rate. Chapter three addresses the question of what Nigeria could do to increase the availability of quality jobs and reduce rising youth unemployment. Chapters four discusses Nigeria's policy and investment environment. Chapter five proposes strategies for skills development; and Chapter six analyzes the effects of restrictive trade policies.
Publication(Washington, DC, 2007-05-30) World BankThis study on Nigeria Lagos State, states finances review and agenda for action reviews Lagos State's fiscal performance in recent years, highlight the main risks that may affect the fiscal outlook in the medium term, and help the Lagos State Government (LASG) develop an agenda for deepening the reforms in key aspects of public finance management (PFM) and service delivery, based on further analytical work. The quality of information has unfortunately been a constraint in this study. It affected the ability of the study team to make relevant observations and policy recommendations, in particular on the expenditure side. The data limitation also suggests that the first priorities for the government in PFM reform should be extending the coverage of the budget, improving the classification system, and reporting revenues and expenditures accurately and transparently.
Publication(Washington, DC, 2002-07-23) World BankThe purpose of this study is to increase knowledge about state capacity in Nigeria by taking stock of governance issues, including public financial management and civil services, and analyzing them in representative states across the regions, as states assume an expanded role in delivering services to their populations under the 1999 constitution. Specifically, the study lays the groundwork for preparing a program of assistance to state governments, should the Federal Government seek financing from the Bank. Before capacity can be strengthened, the context for capacity building must be understood and the constraints analyzed. Thus the study focuses both on the evolving story of federalism in Nigeria, as well as the challenges states face in managing their finances and delivering services in the aftermath of misrule and decay under the military. Six states were selected for review: Bauchi, Nasarawa, Rivers, Anambra, Ogun and Sokoto--one from each of the geo-political zones of Nigeria. These are some of the principal findings: There is a great deal of variation across states in their capacity for governance. A new generation of state governors is emerging, albeit still a minority. Some are beginning to address public sector reform, through civil service modernization and right sizing, and strengthening financial management. These last are suggested areas for support, but they must be calibrated with the commitment to state reform, and not provided as an entitlement.