Other Financial Accountability Study

150 items available

Permanent URI for this collection

Items in this collection

Now showing 1 - 10 of 150
  • Publication
    The Global State of Financial Inclusion and Consumer Protection, 2022
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2023-09-11) World Bank
    The Global State of Financial Inclusion and Consumer Protection (FICP) Report, 2022 – which is an update to the 2013 and 2017 iterations of the Global FICP Survey report – details the key findings and provides a source of global data to benchmark efforts by financial sector authorities to improve the enabling environment for financial inclusion and consumer protection. To date, this is the only longitudinal and global survey of this nature. As such, this report serves as a valuable resource to shape the World Bank’s country engagements, a reference document for regulators and supervisors and, finally, a tool for both public and private sector actors with an interest in knowing the developments in this sector. The Survey questionnaire covers key topics related to financial inclusion and financial consumer protection (FCP) and aligns with international guidance to financial sector authorities in these areas. Because the report aims to capture both a snapshot as well as trends over time, the survey questionnaire has been modified over the three cycles to reflect the changing policy and regulatory landscape of financial inclusion and consumer protection.
  • Publication
    An Introduction to Developing a Risk-Based Approach to Financial Consumer Protection Supervision
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2022-12) World Bank
    Financial products and services play a significant role in enabling consumers to build their resilience, seize opportunities, and meet essential needs but consumers also face risks when engaging with such products and services. This is due to a range of factors, including information and power asymmetries and abusive or overly aggressive market practices. Although an ongoing effort, over the past decade significant progress has been made around the world to strengthen FCP regulatory frameworks. Policy makers have been incorporating a broader range of regulatory approaches to protect consumers from inappropriate market practices, assist consumers to make better-informed decisions regarding the use of financial products and services and ultimately achieve better outcomes for consumers. However, such regulatory frameworks must be operationalized, including through supervision, to be effective. Authorities are increasingly turning to the task of developing appropriate supervisory processes and frameworks to monitor and implement FCP regulation effectively and foster compliance across the financial market as well as good conduct and consumer outcomes more generally. Undertaking FCP supervision can be a daunting task given the wide range of financial products, providers, and issues to be considered, combined with limited supervisory capacity and resources. This note seeks to assist in addressing this critical knowledge gap by providing introductory guidance on key issues, constraints, and decisions that Authorities should consider when establishing RBS for FCP. Given the need to customize RBS models to the characteristics of each country and its existing supervisory infrastructure, this Note does not specify predefined solutions but provides Authorities interested in implementing an RBS model with an overview of various matters to be considered when designing a tailored RBS approach, with the aim of assisting the planning and development of a context-appropriate approach. A range of practical examples are provided as illustrations.
  • Publication
    Introducing the New PPB - Pragmatic Program Budgeting: Overcoming Design Obstacles to Planning, Management, and Control
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2022-01-24) Brumby, James; Hashim, Ali; Piatti Fuenfkirchen, Moritz
    Program budgeting is a reform that intends to shift the focus of budgetary processes from control of inputs to producing measurable results. It aspires to enable governments deploy resources to priority areas and assess whether the resources have been translated into intended results. This paper identifies specific stumbling blocks for countries already implementing program budgeting that have caused implementation difficulties, especially in budget execution, and suggests means to resolve them. This paper aims to help resolve the tensions between planning, management, and control in pursuit of higher performance from governments. In doing so, the focus is not only observing and supporting the efficiency and effectiveness goals of program budgeting but also resolving the tensions arising from execution control and designing measures to support analysis and performance
  • Publication
    A Toolkit for Corporate Workouts
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2022-01) World Bank
    This Toolkit is aimed primarily at policy makers, financial institutions, and enterprises. It examines different types of corporate restructuring procedures on the basis that one size does not fit across all jurisdictions. Recent experience of the operation of corporate restructuring regimes around the world demonstrates that such regimes must appropriately account for domestic considerations, including a jurisdiction’s institutional and regulatory framework. This Toolkit, a revised and updated version of the 2016 publication, incorporates wide-ranging updates that reflects this experience. It describes matters relevant to the adoption of workout frameworks for a broad range of types of corporate restructuring procedures, some of which provide for a role for courts or regulatory authorities. This widened perspective highlights considerations of particular relevance in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, a crisis that makes restructuring viable businesses especially important.
  • Publication
    Financial Protection for Public Assets: A Practitioner's Guide for Public Officials
    (Washington, DC, 2021-12-31) World Bank
    This report is a resource for government practitioners seeking to develop and implement a financial protection program on public assets. It builds on materials developed in support of discussions on public asset insurance under the Southeast Asia Disaster Risk Insurance Facility (SEADRIF) platform. Further, it draws on lessons learned in preparing and implementing public asset risk financing and insurance solutions across advanced and emerging economies in Asia. The objective of this guide is to provide government officials with an understanding of the steps required to design, develop, implement, and maintain effective financial protection of public assets, particularly through risk transfer and insurance. This series will draw on case studies globally to illustrate the key issues commonly encountered when designing and implementing financial protection measures. The overall focus of the series is on the following key areas: - Why should governments develop a financial protection strategy for public assets - When can insurance be a good option for the financial protection of public assets - Who are the key stakeholders (both external and internal) that play roles in each stage of the insurance development process - What are the most important step-by-step considerations involved in developing a strategy for public asset insurance - How can public officials work with and leverage the commercial insurance and reinsurance market participants to support public asset insurance This guide will focus on risk transfer solutions, primarily in the form of insurance, for public assets. Risk transfer solutions help governments reduce some of the financial burden for emergency, rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts and manage the timely reinstatement of services. The chapters will describe how insurance should be considered in the context of a wider disaster risk-financing strategy. They cover the main aspects for an end-to-end development of public asset financial protection and insurance.
  • Publication
    Toward More Accountable PPPs: A Review of the Development, Implementation, and Post-Implementation Experience of Improved Disclosure Practices in PPPs in Ghana, Honduras, Kenya, and Nigeria
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021-11-12) World Bank
    In the face of declining fiscal space and the need to build back better after the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, governments are turning to public-private partnerships (PPPs) to deliver infrastructure assets and services. Disclosure of information plays an important role in PPP programs. Several clients of the World Bank Group, including those with well-established PPP programs, currently do not disclose PPP information in a structured way throughout the project life cycle. Responding to these challenges, the World Bank developed a series of knowledge products to understand disclosure in PPPs, as well as to provide tools to governments for improving PPP disclosure. Post implementation of national PPP disclosure frameworks in the pilot countries, it became important to document the process, as well as assess the experience and perceptions related to the changed disclosure environment culminating in the disclosure of information via public-facing web portals. To support this task, a study was carried out over 2019-2020 to capture the enhanced disclosure environment, understand the perceptions of stakeholders vis-à-vis structured disclosure, identify what was working well, as well as indicate areas for improvement. This paper is a culmination of this effort to document the process and analyze the experience gained from the four-country pilot carried out in Ghana, Honduras, Kenya, and Nigeria. Section 1 of the paper provides the general background within which PPP disclosure is located, as well as the key elements of the World Bank’s Framework for Disclosure in PPPs. Section 2 documents the process followed in developing and implementing customized national frameworks in the pilot countries.
  • Publication
    Supreme Audit Institutions’ Use of Information Technology Globally for More Efficient and Effective Audits
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021-10-18) World Bank
    Supreme audit institutions (SAIs) recognize the benefits of using technology to improve the quality and impact of their audits. This benefit has further intensified during the COVID-19 pandemic; SAIs with existing technology capacity have continued to perform their role effectively and efficiently. The paper explores how at a global level SAIs are using technology to perform more efficient and more effective audits. It provides a brief overview of how some SAIs are harnessing the possibilities created by advances in technology to develop new, innovative audit methods and procedures. It also seeks to identify the factors inhibiting other SAIs in particular SAIs in developing countries from implementing and using audit methods based on information technology (IT). Against this background, the paper suggests ways in which the World Bank, working with other stakeholders, can facilitate the more extensive and more effective use of IT-based tools and methods by SAIs. The impact of COVID-19 has introduced a new important consideration: namely, how IT has helped some SAIs respond with agility and resilience to the unprecedented and completely unforeseen circumstances created by the pandemic.
  • Publication
    Supreme Audit Institutions Independence Index: 2021 Global Synthesis Report
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021-07-20) World Bank
    This report aims to inform and better equip World Bank task teams and development partners to support the strengthening of Supreme Audit Institutions (SAIs) in client countries. It also aims to help focus the ongoing collaboration between the International Organisation of Supreme Audit Institution (INTOSAI) and development agencies to address the intractable SAI independence issue. The report also responds to yearnings of several development partners to better understand the degree of SAI independence in countries and regions.
  • Publication
    Lessons from Implementing a National Financial Inclusion Strategy
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021-06-25) World Bank
    A national financial-inclusion strategy (NFIS) helps policy makers, in coordination with a wide range of stakeholders, define objectives and outline a set of impactful, sequenced actions to accelerate progress toward achieving financial-inclusion goals. Achieving greater financial inclusion requires a deliberate, coordinated approach to identify barriers and opportunities, and a platform for diverse stakeholders to coordinate efforts to achieve shared financial-inclusion objectives. NFIS implementation typically involves operationalizing governance arrangements to oversee implementation, establishing a framework for monitoring and evaluation (M&E) to capture progress regularly, implementing action plans to achieve financial-inclusion targets, and making necessary adjustments to address changing landscapes. In 2018, the World Bank Group (WBG) released a toolkit that provides financial-sector authorities and other stakeholders with practical guidance on developing and operationalizing an NFIS. After launching an NFIS, many factors influence and shape progress and success, and no two countries travel the same path during NFIS implementation. This note aims to build on existing NFIS knowledge by sharing insights that have helped improve implementation postlaunch. When used together with the WBG NFIS Toolkit, this note aims to support countries that are working to draft, launch, and implement an NFIS effectively.
  • Publication
    South Africa Financial Ombud System Diagnostic
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021-06-10) World Bank
    The Finance, Competitiveness and Innovation Global Practice of the World Bank Group (WBG) aims to help countries build financial systems that are deep, diversified, inclusive, efficient, and stable essential to promoting economic growth, reducing poverty, and increasing shared prosperity. One core activity is supporting national authorities to achieve their objectives for financial inclusion, by supporting policy, legal, regulatory, and supervisory reforms in areas such as financial consumer protection, including financial-sector alternative dispute resolution (ADR). Through the South Africa Financial Sector Development and Reform Program, the WBG is supporting the national reform process, which includes achieving an efficient and effective ADR system, so that financial customers can hold financial institutions to account if there is a dispute. This diagnostic review valuates the current financial-sector Ombud system in South Africa, Compares it against international good practice, and recommends reforms to provide good-quality outcomes and good value for money for the future.