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Publication(Jakarta, 2014-10) Indonesian Ministry of Finance ; World Bank GroupDuring the last decade, a body of common practices has emerged among developing countries on the legal, institutional and procedural foundations to support efficient cash management. These common practices have been reviewed and documented in guidance notes and publications on international practices issued by multilateral institutions like the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank (WB), and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Additionally, frequent peer-to-peer exchanges of experiences between countries have resulted in the continued evolution of cashmanagement practices to leverage improvements in data management, ICT and banking systems. The first part of this chapter examines international practices with regard to setting the objectives, as well as the legislative and institutional arrangements for cash management. It details the objectives and principles of cash management, its links with policy issues, information technology needs, incentives and sanctions to promote implementation, and the sequencing of the reform. The second part of the chapter describes Indonesia s experience with setting the objectives and institutional arrangements related to cash management, and with sequencing of the cash management reform. The concluding part describes the remaining challenges and suggests the way forward.
Vietnam Fiscal Transparency Review : Analysis and Stakeholder Feedback on State Budget Information in the Public Domain(Hanoi, 2014-05-21) World BankVietnam has come far in improving fiscal transparency. Building on these gains could help strengthen macroeconomic management, improve market perceptions of risk, and increase accountability for service delivery. Fiscal transparency is an important element of the Government's policy dialogue with development partners, particularly in the context of ongoing budgetary support. External reviews of PFM and fiscal transparency in Vietnam have noted important progress though highlighted considerable scope for improvement. This report aims to complement ongoing PFM reviews, including the Government's Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) assessment, to help identify relatively low cost measures to strengthen fiscal transparency. It draws on existing diagnostic approaches to carry out a technical review on the public availability of fiscal information (section B), and the coverage, comprehensiveness and presentation of fiscal reports (sections C and D).
Indonesia - Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability : Public Financial Management Performance Report and Performance Indicators(Washington, DC, 2007-10-31) World BankThe Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) assessment for Indonesia was undertaken by a team of World Bank staff and consultants with close involvement of counterparts from the Government of Indonesia. The PEFA measurement framework has been developed after wide consultations with a group of donors, client countries, and international professional organizations. It provides an integrated, standardized, and indicator-led methodology to measure and monitor Public Financial Management (PFM) performance over time. Its objective is to help assess the performance of PFM systems, processes, and institutions in each country and provides broad measures of PFM performance relative to system characteristics. The scoring methodology, covering a set of thirty one high level indicators, emphasizes empirical and observable scores for each PFM area based on internationally recognized good practice. The framework was not designed to rank countries by means of an overall aggregate score for each country. The PFM performance report which supports the scores and brings together an analytical summary is not meant to judge policy actions of government nor provide explicit recommendations, but instead to support a strengthened approach to PFM reforms by facilitating dialogue between government and other stakeholders on PFM reforms.