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PublicationGhana : The AIDS Response Project (GARFUND)(2007-05) Mohan, P. C.The specific objectives of this project - financed through an IDA credit of $28.7 million (2002-05) - were to: provide resources that would enable the government to implement a balanced, diversified multi-sector response, engaging all relevant government sectors, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and grassroots initiatives; to expand contributions made by the Ministry of Health ( MOH ) engage civil society in the fight against AIDS; and finance eligible activities conducted by civil society organizations, including NGOs, community-based organizations (CBOs), faith-based organizations (FBOs), trade and professional associations, associations of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs), districts, and line ministries to ensure a rapid multisector scaling-up of HIV prevention and care activities in all regions and at all administrative levels. PublicationGhana - Mining and Development(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2004-10) Mohan, P.C.The objectives of the project ($9.37 million, 1996-2001) were to (a) enhance the capacity of the mining sector institutions to carry out their functions of encouraging and regulating investments in the mining sector in an environmentally sound manner and (b) support the use of techniques and mechanisms that will improve productivity, financial viability and reduce the environmental impact of small-scale mining operations. It had two components: Strengthening of Mining Sector Institutions, and Assistance to Small-scale Mining Enterprises. The project took into account lessons learned from three previous operations in Ghana which focused on developing the mining sector: the Export Rehabilitation project, the Export Rehabilitation Technical Assistance project, and the Mining Sector Rehabilitation project. PublicationGhana - Highway Sector Investment Program(Washington, DC, 2004-07) World BankThe objective of the project (IDA credit of $100 million over the period 1997-2001) was to assist the Government of Ghana to increase economic growth by (a) maintaining, rehabilitating and reconstructing roads and (b) ensuring sustained improvements in the road sector by (i) developing and implementing cost recovery policies, (ii) building indigenous capacity in the public and private sectors, and (iii) improving financial management control in the road sector. PublicationRoad Sector Reform in Burkina Faso and Ghana : Impact and Lessons(World Bank, Washington, DC, 1998-02) Mwale, Sam M.There is neither sufficient historical perspective nor similarities by which to compare the Ghanaian and Burkinabe experiences. Burkina Faso's reforms are more structured and planned, while Ghana's more complex political and economic history have had greater influence on road sector reforms than any attempt at advance planning. Yet many African countries find themselves in situations somewhere between those of Ghana and Burkina Faso. Their choice of path towards reform depends largely on their condition of the roads, the state of their public road-management institutions, the capacity of their private sector, the government's own policies and policy objectives, and the financial resources available to them from their budget and from donors. PublicationGhana - Capacity Development and Utilization Initiative(Washington, DC, 1997-06) World BankThe widely-acclaimed Economic Recovery Program launched by Ghana in 1983 faced the challenge of sustaining the gains achieved in terms of economic liberalization and macroeconomic stability. The country needed to enter a phase of accelerated export-led growth and social equity that would deliver a modern economy by the 21st century. Urgent action was required to address a number of national capacity issues that had constrained Ghana's development efforts since independence in 1957. PublicationGhana : Bringing Savers and Investors Together(World Bank, Washington, DC, 1995-04) Boehmer, Hans-Martin; Wetzel, Deborah; Gupta, ArvindAfter 10 years of successful adjustment, with real economic growth averaging 5 percent per year, Ghana's recorded savings and investment rates remain very low - even by sub-Saharan African standards. However, survey evidence suggests that actual savings and investment rates are much higher than recorded rates. National accounts statistics do not capture a large part of the underlying savings and investment activities of the household, rural, and informal sectors. Comparative financial indicators confirm that Ghana's financial system is not very deep and as a result not fully contributing to economic growth. Ghana's broad money holdings are small relative to GDP when compared to other countries with similar per capita income. Also, currency holdings are relatively large, suggesting that Ghanaians prefer cash to bank accounts. Meanwhile, the bulk of financial savings has financed public sector deficits, leaving little for private investment finance. There is considerable evidence that many household savings are invested in real assets yielding zero, or negative, returns. Widespread lack of trust in formal financial channels makes these nevertheless the preferred form of investment. Ghana can grow faster with existing savings by improving the efficiency of investments through enhanced finanical intermediation.