Items in this collection
PublicationThe West and Central Africa Poverty Mapping Initiative(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2007-10) Wodon, QuentinThere are often large regional differences in poverty and other social indicators within a country. But geographic poverty profiles based on household surveys tend to be limited to broad areas because survey sample sizes are too small to permit analysts to construct valid estimates of poverty at the local level. This issue of Findings looks at another way to look at information by constructing poverty maps. Using a methodology developed by Elbers, Lanjouw, and Lanjouw (2003), detailed poverty maps can be obtained by combining census and survey data. This issue of Findings looks at how to construct such a map and how to build capacity for the analysis of the census data. PublicationGhana : The AIDS Response Project (GARFUND)(2007-05) Mohan, P. C.The specific objectives of this project - financed through an IDA credit of $28.7 million (2002-05) - were to: provide resources that would enable the government to implement a balanced, diversified multi-sector response, engaging all relevant government sectors, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and grassroots initiatives; to expand contributions made by the Ministry of Health ( MOH ) engage civil society in the fight against AIDS; and finance eligible activities conducted by civil society organizations, including NGOs, community-based organizations (CBOs), faith-based organizations (FBOs), trade and professional associations, associations of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs), districts, and line ministries to ensure a rapid multisector scaling-up of HIV prevention and care activities in all regions and at all administrative levels. PublicationGhana : The Village Infrastructure Project(Washington, DC, 2006-09) World BankThe project, with an IDA credit of US$30 million, and a total of $60 million was implemented by the government between 1998 and 2004. It was jointly financed by KFW $7m; IFAD, $10; GoG $7.1m; District Assemblies $3.0m and beneficiaries $2.9m. Its main objective was to support the government's efforts to reduce poverty and enhance the quality of life of the rural poor through the increased transfer of technical and financial resources for the development of basic village-level infrastructure that could be maintained by the beneficiaries. It also supported the capacity building of District Assemblies to better plan and manage these investments. The project had 4 components: (i) Rural water infrastructure; (ii) Rural transport infrastructure; (iii) Rural post-harvest infrastructure; and (iv) Institutional strengthening. PublicationMicrofinance Regulation : Lessons from Benin, Ghana and Tanzania(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2004-10) Steel, William F.This article identifies key issues and lessons about how the overall regulatory framework affects the ability of microfinance institutions (MFIs) to become more market-oriented and integrated with the financial system. It is based on a review undertaken by the World Bank of microfinance regulation in Benin, Ghana and Tanzania to better inform advice and project design regarding the appropriate balance between the objectives of promotion, performance, and prudential supervision. PublicationGhana - Mining and Development(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2004-10) Mohan, P.C.The objectives of the project ($9.37 million, 1996-2001) were to (a) enhance the capacity of the mining sector institutions to carry out their functions of encouraging and regulating investments in the mining sector in an environmentally sound manner and (b) support the use of techniques and mechanisms that will improve productivity, financial viability and reduce the environmental impact of small-scale mining operations. It had two components: Strengthening of Mining Sector Institutions, and Assistance to Small-scale Mining Enterprises. The project took into account lessons learned from three previous operations in Ghana which focused on developing the mining sector: the Export Rehabilitation project, the Export Rehabilitation Technical Assistance project, and the Mining Sector Rehabilitation project. PublicationGhana - Highway Sector Investment Program(Washington, DC, 2004-07) World BankThe objective of the project (IDA credit of $100 million over the period 1997-2001) was to assist the Government of Ghana to increase economic growth by (a) maintaining, rehabilitating and reconstructing roads and (b) ensuring sustained improvements in the road sector by (i) developing and implementing cost recovery policies, (ii) building indigenous capacity in the public and private sectors, and (iii) improving financial management control in the road sector. PublicationMicro and Rural Finance in Ghana : Evolving Industry and Approaches to Regulation(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2004-01) Steel, William F.; Andah, David O.The note reviews the structure and performance of Ghana's rural, and micro-finance institutions (RMFIs), through a financial system, namely comprising three main categories: formal, semi-formal, and informal systems. It then analyzes the liberalization of its financial policies (late 1980s) and the supervision regime, indicating that while Ghana's approach has yielded a wide range of RMFIs, and products - potentially outreaching the poor based on savings mobilization - it has also permitted the easy entry of institutions with weak management, and internal controls. This demonstrates the difficulty in striking the right balance between encouraging entry and innovation, and establishing adequate supervision capacity. PublicationThe First Ghana Community Water and Sanitation Project : Poverty and Gender Issues(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2003-11) Adriana AlvesThe Implementation Completion Report (ICR) for the first Ghana Community Water and Sanitation Project (1994-2000) provided an opportunity to assess gender and poverty issues. Were both women and men, and the poor, involved in subproject decision-making and implementation? Did they all have access to services? The ICR collected beneficiary assessment survey data in the summer of 2000, and the ICR was completed soon thereafter. Further data analysis specific to gender and poverty was completed later, and a summary of the results are provided in this report. PublicationGhana : Coastal Wetlands Management(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2002-06) Mohan, P. C.The objectives of the Coastal Wetlands Management Project for Ghana (1993-99) were to maintain the ecological integrity of five key coastal wetland areas by involving the people who derive their livelihood from these ecosystems in the planning and implementation of management programs; to identify and monitor the common resources that benefit the human and bird populations in the wetlands, and manage them without unduly restricting the options of people to derive benefit from the resources. It would also develop capabilities at government and community level for implementing the program. This project was implemented with the assistance of a Global Environmental Trust Fund grant. PublicationGhana : Tracking Public Resource Flows in Schools and Clinics(Washington, DC, 2002-04) World BankAn accurate estimate of public expenditure flows must start from the distribution and recording systems which would permit accurate tracking. While the strategies to improve these systems in Ghana are beyond the scope of this study, it presents here the problems encountered while trying to track public expenditures. Hopefully, this will provide an entry point for relevant parties to discuss the best ways to increase the efficiency of public expenditure distribution. Estimated resource flows are also presented. Although the accuracy of estimates is not claimed in absolute terms, the patterns of the public expenditure distribution revealed by these estimates were consistent with the perceptions of district level education and health officers, to whom these results were presented at a workshop in Ghana.