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PublicationElectronic Government Procurement Implementation Types: Options for Africa(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2022-01-27) Wu Chebili, Blandine; La Cascia, Hunt; Collineau, Francois; Salomon, Arnaud; Calvet, Baptiste; Moreau, Yoann; La Cascia, Joseph HuntingtonIn recent years, more and more African governments are looking to implement electronic-Government Procurement (e-GP) solutions to address some of the challenges associated with public procurement, such as harmonizing internal processes to optimize their execution, increasing transparency and traceability, generating financial gains, facilitating access to public procurement for all economic actors. This study was motivated by the World Bank’s commitment to help African governments implement an e-GP solution that best meets their needs and constraints. For countries having and using already an e-GP system, this will help to enhance the development and updating of their system. PublicationMoldova: Assessment of the Public Procurement System(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021-04-04) World Bank GroupThe main development objective of the work has been to use the MAPS assessment tool to assess the quality and effectiveness of Moldova’s public procurement system and on that basis create an evidence base for future reforms. In order to achieve this objective, the assessment has endeavored to: identify strengths and weaknesses of the public procurement system in Moldova, and benchmarking it with international best practices and standards; identify any substantial gaps that negatively impact the quality and performance of the public procurement system; help the Government to prioritize efforts in public procurement reform to enable: balanced accountability mechanisms between the Government, citizens, and the private sector; governance of risk management in the procurement cycle; and integration of the public procurement system with the overall public finance management, budgeting and service delivery processes; provide a comparative analysis of the country’s two parallel procurement systems (Government and State Owned Enterprises (SOEs)), between each other and against MAPS standards; and suggest recommendations to enhance the public procurement system and jointly with the Government elaborate an action plan for reforms to continuously enhance the quality and performance of the procurement system; In addition, and at the request of the Ministry of Finance, the assessment will include spend analysis which will help the Government reduce procurement costs and improve efficiency in public procurement to generate savings. PublicationA Global Procurement Partnership for Sustainable Development: An International Stocktaking of Developments in Public Procurement(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021) World BankEfficient procurement procedures save time and money, opening up much needed fiscal space, yet modern public procurement can also serve as a tool for achieving broader socioeconomic policy change. Government purchasing decisions, including more strategic use of technology, can be used to maximize value for money as defined by a concept of “value” that goes beyond fiscal savings to include broader policy goals such as environmental sustainability, support for small enterprises, or protection of vulnerable groups in society. This report outlines the key challenges and opportunities in moving toward modern procurement systems around the world and makes the case for a global procurement partnership to strengthen development effectiveness through better understanding and implementation of procurement reforms. PublicationLebanon: Assessment of the Public Procurement System(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021) World BankPublic procurement is one of the main cross-sectoral reforms that the Government of Lebanon committed to at the “Conférence économique pour le développement, par les réformes et avec les entreprises” (CEDRE) held in Paris in April 2018, in order to improve fiscal governance and the quality of public services, encourage investment inflows, and strengthen accountability and transparency. Public procurement accounts for an average of 20% of central government expenditure and 6.5% of the Gross Domestic Product (thus, around USD 3.4 billion in 2019) at the central level. A coherent and clear public procurement system in line with international standards and based on sound legal and institutional foundations is thought to improve competitiveness of the economy, attract quality service providers, strengthen accountability and transparency and achieve savings on yearly basis, allowing for more fiscal space to finance public investments and for enhancing service delivery to citizens. As a result, it would considerably contribute to helping resolve the current economic and financial crisis and create the basis for the implementation of the Government’s vision for economic recovery and sustainable development. PublicationAssessment of Bangladesh Public Procurement System(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-06-05) World BankBangladesh has enjoyed relatively high and stable growth over the last two decades,accompanied by rapid poverty reduction. Gross domestic product (GDP) growth averagedclose to 6 percent annually since 2000 and, according to official estimates, accelerated toover 8 percent in FY19. The poverty rate dropped from 44.2 percent in 1991 to 14.8 percentin 2016. With per capita gross national income (Atlas method) at $1,954 in 2019, Bangladeshhas moved into lower middle-income country status since 2015. The Government of Bangladesh (GOB)’s Vision 2021 aims to propel the country into middle-income status and further reduce poverty. The most recent five-year plan (FYP16-20) focusses on productive employment for the growing labor force and a substantial increase in investment. Other key elements of the plan are to ensure good governance and pursue for an environmentally sustainable and socially inclusive development process. The key objectives of the assessment were to: (i) establish a shared understanding of thecurrent state of Bangladesh public procurement system amongst all stakeholders; (ii) identifythe strengths and weaknesses of the overall public procurement system and formulateappropriate mitigation measures for the identified gaps; and (iii) develop action plan forfuture system development in achieving a modern and harmonized procurement system withparticular reference to enhanced e-GP, contract management, sustainable procurement, andcitizen engagement. PublicationMozambique: Assessment of the Public Procurement System(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-05) World Bank GroupThe Mozambique country procurement assessment based on the methodology for assessing procurement systems (MAPS II) methodology was carried out from September 2018 to June 2019, at the initiative of the Government of Mozambique (GOM) through the functional unit for supervision of procurement (UFSA). MAPS II methodology, 2018 is a universal tool reflective of leading international procurement practice that serves as a guide towards sustainable and inclusive public procurement (PP) reform. Mozambique government decided to benefit from MAPS II upgraded analytical framework in order to get more visibility into the PP existing challenges and opportunities that lie ahead. Based on these findings, a comprehensive and inclusive strategic plan was formulated to guide the way forward, towards improved procurement outcomes. The assessment of the Mozambique PP systems against the criteria set out in the MAPS II methodology, confirmed the progress achieved in the establishment of the legal and institutional framework for PP. The focus of this report is the core government procurement under the Regulamento, while briefly addressing PP under the state owned enterprises (SOE) and public private partnership (PPP) laws. PublicationRwanda: Assessment of the Public Procurement System(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-05) World BankPublic procurement of a country is a crucial component of good governance and sustainable economies with inclusive growth and one of the key elements to the effective and efficient functioning of the public sector and service delivery. It underpins the performance of all sectors in public services delivery at different levels of government and thus to the development of the country. Government expenditure on public procurement accounts for a sizeable part of economic activity. Governments around the world spend approximately USD 9.5 trillion in public contracts every year, which could constitute 12-20 percent of a country’s GDP. 1 In Rwanda, the share of government spending as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP), in 2017, accounts to 15.22 percent2 (Source: The World Bank, TheGlobalEconomy.com). With GDP of USD 9.1 billio PublicationAssessment of the Public Procurement System in Republic of Bulgaria(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2019-01-02) World BankOverall, commendable progress has been made in modernizing public procurement in Bulgaria since the procurement strategy was launched in 2014 and the landmark legislation was passed in 2016. This report provides an assessment of the public procurement system in Bulgaria, reviewing progress since the public procurement act was passed by Parliament in 2016, and providing a series of recommendations for further improvement. The government of Bulgaria should continue to co-ordinate relevant activities aimed at improving the public procurement system, including on the basis of the recommendations of this report. PublicationAssessment of the Public Procurement Systems of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Sovereign Wealth Fund Samruk-Kazyna(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2019) World Bank; OECD; European Bank for Reconstruction and Development; Islamic Development Bank; Asian Development BankThis report provides the results of the assessment of the Public Procurement system of the Republic of Kazakhstan using the Methodology for Assessing Procurement Systems (MAPS)1 and its various steps, including the validation process. Kazakhstan has a dual public procurement system, in which there are separate systems for a) the government procurement conducted by the general public administration and b) procurement conducted by Sovereign Wealth Fund Samruk-Kazyna, which accounts for the majority of public procurement spending. This MAPS assessment covers both. Due to the nature of the system, this MAPS assessment has to integrated parts and assessments of a) the government procurement system and b) of Samruk-Kazyna’s procurement system. This assessment report identifies key findings, lays out the strengths of the analyzed procurement systems and the remaining challenges, and provides a series of recommendations to address those challenges and allow for future improvement. PublicationAlbania Country Procurement and Contract Implementation Review(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2017-05) World BankThis report presents the World Bank and Islamic Development Bank, collectively the Banks, teams’ review and assessment of Albania country procurement and contract implementation CPCI), including for projects and civil works contracts financed by the Banks. This report focuses on the most critical findings and it summarizes key recommendations. Detailed analysis and recommendations are provided in the report. The CPCI aims to provide the Government of Albania (GoA) with an updated diagnosis of the strengths and weaknesses of public procurement and to make specific recommendations and practical suggestions for achieving increased effectiveness in service delivery, through an improved public procurement system, planning and implementation as well as contract management. The report also presents specific analysis of implementation of projects and procurement of contracts financed by the Banks and it discusses more specifically some questions raised by the GoA regarding options to centralize procurement of donors’ financed projects. The report has nine sections: I. introduction, II. procurement legal and regulatory framework, III. institutional framework and management capacity, IV. procurement operation and market practices, V. contract implementation and management, VI. public financial management relevant to procurement, VII. integrity and transparency relevant to procurement, VIII. performance of World Bank and Islamic Development Bank portfolios, and IX. recommendations and suggested action plan.