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A Destiny Shaped by Water: A Diagnostic of Water Supply, Sanitation, and Hygiene and Poverty in Niger(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2019-01-24) World BankThe Water Supply, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Poverty Diagnostic (PD) in Niger is part of a global initiative to improve evidence on the linkages between WASH and poverty. The Diagnostic provides a detailed analysis of sector status, strengths, and weaknesses to inform the attainment of the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that aim for universal access to safely managed water supply and sanitation.
Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2018-11) World BankIn recent decades, Tunisia has made remarkable progress in reducing poverty and increasing access to water supply, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) services. More than 4 million people in Tunisia have gained access to improved sanitation between 1990 and 2015, and 4 million have gained access to water. This is a significant accomplishment, considering that Tunisia is currently home to 11 million people, 33 percent of whom live in rural areas. Despite this progress, however, around 250,000 people in Tunisia still rely on unimproved drinking water from mostly unprotected wells and springs; of the 900,000 people who use unimproved sanitation, about half use shared latrines, and the other half use mostly unimproved latrines. There are also substantial imbalances in terms of water-resource distribution between the better endowed North and the semi-arid South. If left unaddressed, deficiencies could become more severe in the coming years. Tunisia is a water-scarce country, and water supply security challenges are predicted to be exacerbated by climate change in the coming years. Opportunities for improvement are analyzed and condensed into five clear recommendations for the way forward for the WASH sector in Tunisia.
Looking Beyond Government-Led Delivery of Water Supply and Sanitation Services: The Market Choices and Practices of Haiti’s Most Vulnerable People(Washington, DC, 2017-12-12) World BankThe Haiti water supply, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) Poverty Diagnostic seeks to inform how to maximize the socioeconomic impact of the scarce fiscal resources channeled to the sector. The study assesses the linkages between improved access to WASH services, poverty, and health outcomes. The diagnostic also provides convincing evidence of the linkages between improved access to WASH services and variables affecting the adequate development of children in Haiti, with a particular focus on stunting. The diagnostic also analyzes the functioning of the water supply and sanitation (WSS) markets to identify ways to ensure that services delivered by the private sector are of good quality and affordable. Focusing on the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince the diagnostic sheds light on the functioning of its water supply and fecal waste collection, transportation, and treatment services’ markets. Port-au-Prince has the largest and most sophisticated WSS market in Haiti, although not the fastest growing. Therefore, understanding how this market functions may aid stakeholders in addressing issues and opportunities that arise in other urban markets in the future, and in structuring successful public-private partnerships to serve rural communities.