Other Poverty Study

351 items available

Permanent URI for this collection

Items in this collection

Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
  • Thumbnail Image
    Monitoring the Socio-Economic Impacts of COVID-19 on Djiboutian and Refugee Households in Djibouti: Results from the Third Wave of Survey
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2021-05-27) Malaeb, Bilal ; Duplantier, Anne ; Gansey, Romeo Jacky ; Konate, Sekou Tidani ; Abdoulkader, Omar ; Tanner, Jeff ; Mugera, Harriet
    The third round of data collection on monitoring of socio-economic impacts of the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic in Djibouti followed urban national households based on two previous waves of data collection as well as a replacement sub-sample. This round also includes a refugee sub-sample, covering urban refugees and those based in refugee villages. Economic recovery in Djibouti continues to follow a positive trend. Breadwinners from Djiboutian households continue to come back to work. Only 4 percent of those working before the pandemic were not working at the time of the survey. Even when counting those who were not working before the pandemic, 83 percent of all national households' breadwinners are now working – continuing strong trends from waves 1 and 2. Nationals with waged work grew from 22 to 76 percent in that time, and only 9 percent of those currently working report working less than usual. Djiboutian workers are also working more – but for less pay. Only one in five Djiboutian breadwinners are working less than they were before the pandemic or not at all. However, half of those who worked less than usual received no pay in wave 3 – 53 percent up from 35 percent in wave 2, and fewer received partial payment compared to the previous waves. Poor households were more likely to have received no pay for work performed. Refugees based in refugee villages face worse employment conditions than those living in urban areas or urban nationals. They were less likely to be employed prior to COVID-19, more likely to lose their job during pandemic, and do not exhibit similar signs of recovery. Around 68 percent of urban refugee breadwinners are currently working and 7 percent who worked before the pandemic are currently not working. In comparison, less than half (49 percent) of refugee breadwinners based in refugee villages are currently working, and 16 percent are no longer working relative to pre-COVID-19. A quarter of urban refugees and around 35 percent of refugees in refugee villages worked neither now nor before the pandemic, and nearly a third (29 percent) of the latter who are working report working less than usual. In addition, refugee breadwinners’ concentration in the informal sector (87 percent) highlights the precarity of their livelihood.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Monitoring the Socio-Economic Impacts of COVID-19 on Djiboutian Households: Results from Second Wave of Survey (September 20-October 18)
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-12) Gansey, Romeo Jacky ; Mendiratta, Vibhuti ; Duplantier, Anne ; Konate, Sekou Tidani ; Abdoulkader, Omar
    To monitor the rapidly changing economic landscape due to Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), the National Institute of Statistics of Djibouti (INSD), with the technical assistance from the World Bank, conducted a second wave of the COVID phone survey from September 20 to October 18, 2020. The sample, consisting of 1,460 complete interviews, combined a panel of households interviewed during the first wave, to which a replacement sample was added to compensate for attrition. The response rate stands at 85 percent nationally and the results are representative of the country’s urban population except for the top wealth quintile (richest 20 percent). Since mid-May, when the lockdown ended, economic activities have been trending back to normal. In times of COVID-19, households contend with significant challenges regarding access to food, a key element of food insecurity. The survey uncovers that 40 percent of the households are worried about not having enough food due to a lack of economic resources. Despite the challenging health and economic context, many households remained optimistic about the future.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Monitoring the Socio-Economic Impacts of COVID-19 on Djiboutian Households: Results from First Round of Survey
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-09) Mendiratta, Vibhuti ; Gansey, Romeo Jacky ; Duplantier, Anne ; Konate, Sekou Tidani ; Abdoulkader, Omar
    Djibouti had its first confirmed case of Coronavirus (COVID-19) on 18 March 2020. As an early response, the government suspended all in and out international passenger flights on March 18, 2020, closed schools and universities, and ordered a general lockdown starting from March 27, 2020. As of August 20, 2020, there were 5,374 confirmed cases of Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Djibouti, with fifty-nine reported deaths. Even though the total number of cases increased sharply in the last two weeks of May and early June, they declined considerably in July and August. This report focuses on the Coronavirus (COVID-19) impacts on households in Djibouti as of September 2020.