The World Bank’s World Development Report, published annually since 1978, is an invaluable guide to the economic, social, and environmental state of the world today. Each report provides in-depth analysis and policy recommendations on a specific and important aspect of development—from agriculture, the role of the state, transition economies, and labor to infrastructure, health, the environment, and poverty. Through the quality and timeliness of the information it provides, the report has become a highly influential publication that is used by many multilateral and bilateral international organizations, national governments, scholars, civil society networks and groups, and other global thought leaders to support their decision-making processes. This corporate flagship undergoes extensive internal and external review and is one of the key outputs of the World Bank's Development Economics unit.
The 2011 World development report looks
across disciplines and experiences drawn from around the
world to offer some ideas and practical recommendations on
how to move beyond conflict and fragility and secure
development. The key messages are important for all
countries-low, middle, and high income-as well as for
regional and global institutions: first, institutional
legitimacy is the key to stability. When state institutions
do not adequately protect citizens, guard against
corruption, or provide access to justice; when markets do
not provide job opportunities; or when communities have lost
social cohesion-the likelihood of violent conflict
increases. Second, investing in citizen security, justice,
and jobs is essential to reducing violence. But there are
major structural gaps in our collective capabilities to
support these areas. Third, confronting this challenge
effectively means that institutions need to change.
International agencies and partners from other countries
must adapt procedures so they can respond with agility and
speed, a longer-term perspective, and greater staying power.
Fourth, need to adopt a layered approach. Some problems can
be addressed at the country level, but others need to be
addressed at a regional level, such as developing markets
that integrate insecure areas and pooling resources for
building capacity Fifth, in adopting these approaches, need
to be aware that the global landscape is changing. Regional
institutions and middle income countries are playing a
larger role. This means should pay more attention to
south-south and south-north exchanges, and to the recent
transition experiences of middle income countries.