Country Notes on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture

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The Country Notes are a series of country briefs on climate change and agriculture for 19 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean region, with focus on policy developments (action plans and programs), institutional make-up, specific adaptation and mitigation strategies, as well as social aspects and insurance mechanisms to address risk in the sector. The Country Notes provide a snapshot of key vulnerability indicators and establish a baseline of knowledge on climate change and agriculture in each country. The Country Notes are the beginning of a process of information gathering on climate change and agriculture.

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  • Publication
    Republic of Azerbaijan: Climate Change and Agriculture Country Note
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2012-06-01) World Bank
    This country note for Azerbaijan is part of a series of country briefs that summarize information relevant to climate change and agriculture for three countries in the Southern Caucasus Region, with a particular focus on climate and crop projections, adaptation and mitigation options, policy development and institutional involvement. The note series has been developed to provide a baseline of knowledge on climate change and agriculture for the countries participating in the regional program on reducing vulnerability to climate change in Southern Caucasus agricultural systems. This note for Azerbaijan was shared with the Government and other agricultural sector stakeholders and used as an engagement tool for a National Awareness Raising and Consultation Workshop, held in Baku in March 2012. Feedback and comments on the note from this consultation process have been incorporated into this updated version in collaboration with the Azerbaijan Ministry of Agriculture.
  • Publication
    Albania: Climate Change and Agriculture Country Note
    (Washington, DC, 2011-02) World Bank
    This country note for Albania is part of series of country briefs that summarizes information relevant to climate change and agriculture for four pilot countries in the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) Region, with a particular focus on climate and crop projections, adaptation options, policy development, and institutional involvement. The note series has been developed to provide a baseline of knowledge on climate change and agriculture for the pilot countries (including Albania) participating in the Regional Program on Reducing Vulnerability to Climate Change in ECA Agricultural Systems. For Albania, this note was shared with the Government and other agricultural sector stakeholders, and used as an engagement tool for the National Awareness Raising and Consultation Workshop on reducing vulnerability to climate change in Albania s agricultural systems, held in Tirana in May 2009. Feedback and comments on the note from this consultation process have been incorporated into this updated version in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection (MoAFCP).
  • Publication
    Moldova: Climate Change and Agriculture Country Note
    (Washington, DC, 2010-11) World Bank
    This country note for Moldova is part of a series of country briefs that summarize information relevant to climate change and agriculture for four pilot countries in the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) Region, with a particular focus on climate and crop projections, adaptation options, policy development and institutional involvement. The note series has been developed to provide a baseline of knowledge on climate change and agriculture for the pilot countries participating in the regional program on reducing vulnerability to climate change in ECA agricultural systems. This note for Moldova was shared with the Government and other agricultural sector stakeholders and used as an engagement tool for a National Awareness Raising and Consultation Workshop, held in Chisinau in October 2009. Feedback and comments on the note from this consultation process have been incorporated into this updated version in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry (MAFI).
  • Publication
    Uzbekistan: Climate Change and Agriculture Country Note
    (Washington, DC, 2010-09-01) World Bank
    This country note for Uzbekistan is part of a series of country briefs that summarize information relevant to climate change and agriculture for four pilot countries in the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) Region, with a particular focus on climate and crop projections, adaptation options, policy development and institutional involvement. The note series has been developed to provide a baseline of knowledge on climate change and agriculture for the pilot countries participating in the regional program on reducing vulnerability to climate change in ECA agricultural systems. For Uzbekistan, this note was shared with the Government and other agricultural sector stakeholders and used as an engagement tool for the National Awareness Raising and Consultation Workshop on reducing vulnerability to climate change in Uzbekistan s agricultural systems, held in Tashkent in May 2010. Feedback and comments on the note from this consultation process have been incorporated into this updated version in collaboration with the Uzbekistan Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources (MAWR).
  • Publication
    Honduras - Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture
    (Washington, DC, 2009-12) World Bank
    This country note briefly summarizes information relevant to both climate change and agriculture in Honduras, with focus on policy developments (including action plans and programs) and institutional make-up. Like most countries in Latin America, Honduras has submitted one national communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) with a second one under preparation. Land use change and forestry are by far the largest contributors to green house gas (GHG) emissions in the country. The emission reduction potential of the sector is large, but not sufficiently explored. Honduras counts with the largest number of registered CDM projects in Central America, 15 Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects, of which three are in the agricultural sector. It is estimated that Central America produces less than 0.5 percent of global carbon emissions, but it is one the most vulnerable regions to climate change related impacts on the planet. In 2004, the United Nations identified Honduras among the first 20 most vulnerable countries in the world in terms of vulnerability to floods and the most vulnerable to hurricanes. Honduras was also identified as the most vulnerable country in Central America by the British society Maplecroft in their study titled 'vulnerability index to climate change.' Agriculture is highly vulnerable to climate variability and weather extremes, this coupled with problems of land degradation in the country. A greater emphasis on reducing soil degradation, reforestation and developing and applying adequate insurance mechanisms can be placed for better management of public resources in light of natural disasters in the agriculture sector.
  • Publication
    El Salvador - Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture
    (2009-12) World Bank
    This country note briefly summarizes information relevant to both climate change and agriculture in El Salvador, with focus on policy developments (including action plans and programs) and institutional make-up. Like most countries in Latin America, El Salvador has submitted one national communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) with a second one under preparation. According to the national greenhouse gases (GHG) inventory (2000), land use change and forestry (LUCF) is the second largest contributor to GHG emissions in the country, after the energy sector. The emission reduction potential of the sector is large. El Salvador counts with six clean development mechanism (CDM) projects, none of which are in the agricultural sector. It is estimated that Central America produces less than 0.5 percent of global carbon emissions, but it is one the most vulnerable regions to climate change related impacts on the planet. Agriculture is highly vulnerable to climate variability and to observed climate change, this coupled with problems of land degradation in the country. A greater emphasis on recovering deforested or agricultural lands, reducing land degradation, reforestation and developing and applying adequate insurance mechanisms can be placed for better management of public resources in light of natural disasters in the agriculture sector.
  • Publication
    Haiti - Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture
    (Washington, DC, 2009-12) World Bank
    This country note briefly summarizes information relevant to both climate change and agriculture in Haiti, with focus on policy developments (including action plans and programs) and institutional make-up. Haiti has submitted its National Adaptation Plan of Action to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Land use change and forestry are the largest contributors to green house gas (GHG) emissions in the country. The emission reduction potential is large and unexplored. Agriculture is highly vulnerable to extreme weather events, this coupled with problems of severe land degradation and poverty in the country. A greater emphasis on developing and applying adequate insurance mechanisms can be placed for better management of public resources in light of natural disasters in the agriculture sector.
  • Publication
    Panama - Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture
    (Washington, DC, 2009-12) World Bank
    This country note briefly summarizes information relevant to both climate change and agriculture in Panama, with focus on policy developments (including action plans and programs) and institutional make-up. Like most countries in Latin America, Panama has submitted one national communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) with a second one under preparation. Land use change and forestry are by far the largest contributors to green house gas (GHG) emissions in the country. The emission reduction potential of the sector is large, but not sufficiently explored. Panama counts with only five Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects, none of which are in the agricultural sector. It is estimated that Central America produces less than 0.5 percent of global carbon emissions, but it is one the most vulnerable regions to climate change related impacts on the planet. Agriculture is highly vulnerable to climate variability and weather extremes, this coupled with problems of land degradation in the country. A greater emphasis on reducing soil degradation, reforestation and developing and applying adequate insurance mechanisms can be placed for better management of public resources in light of natural disasters in the agriculture sector.
  • Publication
    Brazil - Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture
    (Washington, DC, 2009-12) World Bank
    This country note briefly summarizes information relevant to both climate change and agriculture in Brazil, with focus on policy developments (including action plans and programs) and institutional make-up. In Brazil, the 5th largest emitter of greenhouse gases in the world, agriculture (including land use change and forestry) is the largest contributor to green house gas (GHG) emissions. The emission reduction potential of the agricultural sector (including land use change and forestry) is significant and not yet sufficiently explored. Brazil currently counts with 30 Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects in the agricultural sector (targeting only methane emission reductions and biomass generation), while there are no registered CDM projects in the country under the 'afforestation and reforestation' category. Agriculture is highly vulnerable to climate variability, particularly in the Brazilian semi-arid Northeast where droughts have had a significant impact on crop yields and people's livelihood. The extension and improvement of both irrigation infrastructure and climate-sensitive insurance coverage for agricultural production, as well as addressing the problems of severe land degradation, can reduce some of the observed vulnerabilities in the country. Reducing poverty and inequality in rural areas, and particularly in those areas already vulnerable to climate risk, can also contribute to minimizing the negative impacts of future weather variability.
  • Publication
    Dominican Republic - Country Note on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture
    (Washington, DC, 2009-12) World Bank
    This country note briefly summarizes information relevant to both climate change and agriculture in the Dominican Republic, with focus on policy developments (including action plans and programs) and institutional make-up. Like most countries in Latin America, the Dominican Republic has submitted one national communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) with a second one under preparation. Land use change and forestry are large contributors to greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions within the sector. The emission reduction potential is large and several reforestation programs have been initiated. The Dominican Republic does not count with Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects in the agricultural sector, thus carbon trading opportunities can be explored. Agriculture is highly vulnerable to extreme weather events, this coupled with problems of land degradation in the country. A greater emphasis on developing and applying adequate insurance mechanisms can be placed for better management of public resources in light of natural disasters in the agriculture sector.