Country Notes on Climate Change Aspects in Agriculture

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The Country Notes are a series of country briefs on climate change and agriculture for 19 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean region, with focus on policy developments (action plans and programs), institutional make-up, specific adaptation and mitigation strategies, as well as social aspects and insurance mechanisms to address risk in the sector. The Country Notes provide a snapshot of key vulnerability indicators and establish a baseline of knowledge on climate change and agriculture in each country. The Country Notes are the beginning of a process of information gathering on climate change and agriculture.

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Reduced Emissions and Enhanced Adaptation in Agricultural Landscapes

2009-10, Fernandes, Erick, Thapa, Dipti, Madhvani, Sonia

This brief is based on the key messages of a conference held on January 23, 2009 at the World Bank to review the state of the art on 'agriculture and climate change, investing now for a productive and resilient future.' It is not the formal position of any one academic institute or organization, but sets out the key issues on: a) carbon as an integral part of sustainable land, water and biodiversity management in developing country agricultural landscapes and in any post-2012 framework and market mechanisms. Agricultural emissions reductions are already eligible under the Kyoto mechanisms for annex one (industrialized) countries; b) agricultural soil carbon measurement, modeling, and monitoring capabilities; c) challenges and opportunities in estimating soil carbon stocks and changes; d) a robust and integrated measurement and monitoring system; and e) further action steps to ensure objective consideration of agricultural soil carbon in post-2012 climate change solutions.