PREM Notes

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This note series is intended to summarize good practices and key policy findings on poverty reduction and economic management (PREM) topics.

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    Technology and Growth Series : Chilean Salmon Exports
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2005-10) Chandra, Vandana ; Kolavalli, Shashi
    This Note is a part of a larger study of technological adaptation and catch-up in high-growth, nontraditional export sectors. Such study examined ten sectors in economies with a reasonably stable macro environment, its objective being to understand whether, and how government policies focused on the adaptation of superior technologies of production in nascent sectors spurred scaling-up, and led to rapid and sustainable growth in a relatively short period of time. The note focuses on the Chilean salmon sector, which evolved from a quasi-artisan, family based industry, whose foundation for this nascent sector was laid with the successful inception of salmon into the Chilean environment, using imported genetic material and intermediate inputs. The government acted as a catalyst during this stage, starting the first commercial salmon farming operation in the country with the help of CORFO (Corporacion de Fomento), a public development agency of the Chilean Government, and Fundacion Chile, a private non governmetal organization (NGO). The latter resulted from a cooperative agreement between the Innovation and Technology Transfer (ITT) Institute and the Chilean Government created to facilitate innovation and technology transfer.
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    Institutionalizing M&E systems in Latin American and Caribbean Countries
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2005-09) Burdescu, Ruxandra ; del Villar, Azul ; Mackay, Keith ; Rojas, Fernando ; Saavedra, Jaime
    Countries are driving the efforts to institutionalize monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems. Through the promotion of knowledge-sharing, and by taking stock of current M&E systems, fostering South-South collaboration, raising awareness through presentations, and, by launching an informal regional network, the note reviews the cases of Colombia, Chile, Brazil, Mexico and Peru. It became evident from country experiences, that there is no single "destination" for countries. Some stress a system of performance indicators, while others focus on conducting evaluations (program reviews or rigorous impact evaluation (IE). And while some countries have created a whole of government approach driven by finance, or planning ministries, others are more focused on sector M&E systems. One key characteristic of most of the systems that are now at different stages of implementation in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is that they are country-led efforts to institutionalize M&E, rather than donor-driven.
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    Technological Innovation in Public Sector Reform : Chile's Public Procurement e-System
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2001-01) Orrego, Claudio ; Osorio, Carlos ; Mardones, Rodrigo
    Chile's government has used information technology to achieve a customer-driven public sector that is more transparent, efficient, and accountable. Chile wanted to put the government at the service of the people, and so pursued technological innovations that enable the government to meet citizens' needs simply, quickly, and efficiently. To that end, the government developed an information technology strategic plan for 1998-2000. One area in which the success was particularly distinguished was the comprehensive reform of the public procurement system. In just a short period, reform has generated clear savings, created a better information market, and increased transparency and accountability in government procurement.