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Connections is a weekly series of knowledge notes from the World Bank Group’s Transport & Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Global Practice. It covers projects, experiences, and front-line developments.
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Time for a Tailored Approach to South African BRTs :(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2017-06) Munoz-Raskin, Ramon ; Scorcia, HarveyJohannesburg and other cities in South Africa are rolling out integrated rapid public transport networks as part of an overall effort to address significant urban mobility challenges and to increase the use of public transport.The initial phases of these networks used a traditional Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) trunk and feeder approach, patterned after the successful Latin American systems developed in the 2000s. The Rea Vaya BRT in Johannesburg is South Africa’s first such system, with 43.5 km of trunk bus corridors in operation by 2016. But the results in ridership and operating cost recovery from fares were approximately one-third of initial estimates. Urban form and travel demand patterns for transport in South African cities differ greatly from those in Latin America. South Africa’s national government, with World Bank support, has been examining these differences to reassess how South African metropolises could interpret and rethink their rapid transit operations, services, and finances.
Want to Keep Tourists Away? Keep Flying Solo: A Lesson from Small Caribbean Ctates(World Bank Group, Washington, DC, 2014-12) Briceno-Garmendia, Cecilia ; Bofinger, Heinrich ; Cubas, Diana ; Millan-Placci, Maria FlorenciaThe island states of the eastern Caribbean are wastefully competing with each other for the lucrative, yet stagnant, stay-over tourist trade by ‘flying solo’: separately building long-haul airports and agreeing to expensive bilateral subsidy deals with airlines.1 Instead, they could vastly increase their tourist revenue and lower their costs through collaboration to remove barriers to inter-island travel. The linchpin of such joint efforts will be a hub-and spoke airline system that funnels stay-over tourists to the edge of the region and then allows them to easily fly to their final destination.