Connections is a weekly series of knowledge notes from the World Bank Group’s Transport & Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Global Practice. It covers projects, experiences, and front-line developments.
(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2017-06)
Munoz-Raskin, Ramon; Scorcia, Harvey
Johannesburg and other cities in South
Africa are rolling out integrated rapid public transport
networks as part of an overall effort to address significant
urban mobility challenges and to increase the use of public
transport.The initial phases of these networks used a
traditional Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) trunk and feeder
approach, patterned after the successful Latin American
systems developed in the 2000s. The Rea Vaya BRT in
Johannesburg is South Africa’s first such system, with 43.5
km of trunk bus corridors in operation by 2016. But the
results in ridership and operating cost recovery from fares
were approximately one-third of initial estimates. Urban
form and travel demand patterns for transport in South
African cities differ greatly from those in Latin America.
South Africa’s national government, with World Bank support,
has been examining these differences to reassess how South
African metropolises could interpret and rethink their rapid
transit operations, services, and finances.