Prosperity from economic growth is not
shared evenly among Russia's population and regions.
Local communities and rural territories face serious
development challenges: including poor living conditions,
infrastructure, and services and lack of citizens'
participation in decision-making processes. The Russian
Federation Local Initiatives Support Program (RF LISP) aims
to address community challenges by introducing a
participatory approach to the development and rehabilitation
of local-level social infrastructure. Specifically, LISP
channels funds from regional budgets to finance
participatory projects in poorer local communities. For the
period 2009-14, LISP has been implemented in six regions and
has resulted in more than 1,200 projects with over 1 million
beneficiaries. Key factors for LISP success are the
following: (i) mainstreaming of LISP into the national
administrative system and budget process, and (ii) providing
the Bank's technical assistance at all stages of
project implementation to share international experience in
community-driven development (CDD) projects, and ensuring
transparency and quality of LISP procedures.