Miscellaneous Knowledge Notes

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  • Publication
    The Road Not Taken?: Responding to the Energy Price Shock in East Asia
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2022-11-17) Pollitt, Hector; Islamaj, Ergys; Kitchlu, Rahul; Le, Duong Trung; Mattoo, Aaditya; Mattoo, Aaditya
    Several countries in East Asia have increased fossil fuel subsidies to keep consumer prices lower than currently high international prices. These subsidies are discouraging the shift in consumption away from fossil fuels, while high prices are encouraging investment in new fossil fuel infrastructure. Providing income transfers instead of price subsidies would encourage consumption of cleaner alternatives, while softening the welfare loss. And subsidizing investment in renewables would avert the risk of being locked in to fossil fuels. The total cost need not be higher than that of fossil fuel subsidies.
  • Publication
    Social Protection and Jobs Responses to COVID-19: A Real-Time Review of Country Measures
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2022-02-07) Gentilini,Ugo; Almenfi,Mohamed Bubaker Alsafi; Iyengar,TMM; Okamura,Yuko; Downes,John Austin; Dale,Pamela; Weber,Michael; Newhouse,David Locke; Rodriguez Alas,Claudia P; Kamran,Mareeha; Mujica Canas,Ingrid Veronica; Fontenez,Maria Belen; Asieduah,Sandra; Mahboobani Martinez,Vikesh Ramesh; Reyes Hartley,Gonzalo Javier; Demarco,Gustavo C.; Abels,Miglena; Zafar,Usama; Urteaga,Emilio Raul; Valleriani,Giorgia; Muhindo,Jimmy Vulembera; Aziz,Sheraz
    As of January 2022, a total of 3,856 social protection and labor measures were planned or implemented by 223 economies. This constitutes a net increase of 523 measures, or 15.6 percent since the last update in May 2021. While noteworthy, such increase is the lowest among net additions observed over previous semesters. In fact, the global pace of measures’ introduction over January 2020-January 2022 has been slowing down. This report focuses on the real-time review of country measures in terms of social protection and job responses to Coronavirus (COVID-19).
  • Publication
    Monitoring COVID-19 Impacts on Households in Ethiopia, Report No. 4: Results from a High-Frequency Phone Survey of Households, Round 4
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-09-25) Wieser, Christina; Ambel, Alemayehu A.; Bundervoet, Tom; Haile, Asmelash
    The Ethiopian high-frequency phone survey of households (HFPS-HH) allows for a better understanding of the effects of COVID-19 on households and provides data in almost real time to support new responses to the pandemic as they become necessary. The HFPS-HH builds on the national longitudinal Ethiopia Socioeconomic Survey (ESS) that the Central Statistical Agency (CSA) carried out in 2019 in collaboration with the World Bank. The HFPS-HH subsample of the ESS sample is representative of households with a working phone. The same households are tracked for six months, with selected respondents, typically household heads, completing phone-based interviews every three to four weeks. The datasets (vol.2 - 3) summarize the results of the fourth round of the HFPS-HH—including 2,878 households in both urban and rural areas in all regions of Ethiopia—implemented between July 27 and August 14, 2020.
  • Publication
    Distributional Effects of Investments in Road Infrastructure: The Case of Colombia's 4th Generation Concession Program
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2018-08) Rodríguez-Castelán, Carlos; Franco, Jorge
    Estimating ex-ante distributional impacts of road infrastructure is increasingly important to better understand the poverty effects of these investments. This note presents such analysis for the ongoing 4th generation (4G) road concessions program in Colombia, which involves the concession of 40 new roads and the transformation of 8,170 kilometers of road network. An ex-ante evaluation of the program suggests that 180,000 jobs will be created and that moderate and extreme poverty would decline by 0.5 and 0.3 percentage points, respectively.
  • Publication
    Participation of Youth
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2018-03) UNCTAD; World Bank
    This note provides examples that investors, civil society, and governments can follow to engage youth in participating in agriculture. Young people can be the driving force for the inclusive rural transformation needed to address the many challenges posed by growing populations, urbanization, and youth unemployment. Yet, many young people are frustrated by the lifestylesand opportunities available in rural areas. They face barriers to their participation in agriculture, including inadequate access to training, land, credit, and markets, and a lack of voice in the decision-making processes that affect their futures. Strategies are needed to better engage youth in the agriculture sector.