Miscellaneous Knowledge Notes

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    Moving Forward towards Rural Economic Transformation
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-03) Acharya, Gayatri ; Pinto, Alreena Renita ; Kakkar, Deepti
    Overview of implementation experience and progress: the first phase of the National Rural Livelihoods Project (NRLP), which aimed to reach 4.8 million rural women, was implemented across 13 states, 162 districts and 580 blocks of the country. NRLP was meant to support the launch and expansion of the Government of India’s flagship program for poverty alleviation, the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM) and provide additional pro-poor investments in 13 states with the highest poverty rates which accounted for almost 85 percent of the poor in India. This program marked a strategic shift within the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) from a focus on allocation, disbursement, and monitoring of central government financial resources, to the provision of skilled technical assistance to states under the aegis of the DAY-NRLM.
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    Transforming Rural Farm Livelihoods: The NRLM Journey
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-03) Singh, Anjani Kumar ; Pinto, Alreena Renita ; Singh, Paramveer ; De, Alok
    The agriculture sector is the largest employer in India, providing direct employment to more than fifty percent of the nation’s workforce. Small and marginal farmers with landholdings of less than two hectares comprise eighty-six percent of all agricultural labour, reflecting high land fragmentation and low economies of scale. Mainstream extension and agriculture support services are not customized for these farmer segments, limiting their capacity to access improved production inputs and technology. The situation is even more complicated for women farmers who constitute nearly forty-three percent of India’s agricultural labour force. The DAY-NRLM farm livelihoods strategy evolved against this background to leverage the program’s social infrastructure of sixty-eight million households mobilized into exclusively women based self healp groups (SHGs) and higher federations, in order to deliver intensive and targeted capacity building of small farmers and streamline access to credit for farm needs. Key sub-sectors under the DAY-NRLM farm livelihoods portfolio include agriculture, livestock and non-timber Forest Produce (NTFP), supported through a combination of programs including the Mahila kisan sashaktikaran pariyojna (MKSP), National rural livelihoods project (NRLP) and Sustainable livelihoods and adaptation to climate change (SLACC). The farm livelihoods strategy under DAY-NRLM has evolved over the years from its initial focus on enhancing productivity through improved inputs and production methods, to a suite of interventions that address multiple entry points in the agriculture value chain.
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    Leveraging Institutional Platforms to Promote Convergence
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-03) Kumar, Shantanu ; Pinto, Alreena Renita ; Gupta, Arshia
    The launch of NRLM to address rural poverty marks a paradigm shift in poverty alleviation because unlike other programs that preceded it, the NRLM focuses on training and capacity building, and enabling women to prepare and implement their livelihoods plans through own institutions and from banks. The importance of promoting convergence with other rural development programs, as well other ministries, is enshrined in the framework of NRLM.