Miscellaneous Knowledge Notes

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Improving Student Enrollment and Teacher Absenteeism Outcomes through Social Accountability Interventions in Nalgonda and Adilabad Districts, Andhra Pradesh, India

2009-11, Patel, Darshana, Shah, Parmesh, Lakhey, Smriti

Although Andhra Pradesh (AP) has high economic growth, the state's public education system, which most poor children attend, faces several structural issues that hinder its quality. Although the public education system offers a structured space for parent and community input into management of schools, these spaces are not systematically used. AP achieved 10.37 percent economic growth for 2007-08 against the national average of 8.37 percent and has a poverty headcount ratio of 16 percent, compared with 23 percent for India as a whole. Despite such growth, AP's public education system, which serves the children of most poor households, faces several structural issues that impair its quality. The quality of education itself is suboptimal, teacher absenteeism rates are high, and teachers lack accountability to parents and the community. As a result, parents who wish to give their children quality education opt for expensive private schools. The AP Community Participation Act also empowered village level school committees to conduct micro-planning exercises and to develop education plans for schools. These school committees consist of teachers and the parents of the children enrolled in the school. Committee meetings are convened by the school's headmaster but presided over by an elected parent. After one year of implementation, this accountability intervention catalyzed the community and service providers to take an active role in public education. It brought about a series of impacts and outcomes, starting at the micro level with behavior changes on the part of students, parents, and the community, as well as school administrators and teachers. These behavior changes iterated over time, triggered changes at the institutional level in the school committees and government functionaries at higher levels.

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Rajasthan, India: An Assessment of the Mid-Day Meal Scheme in Chittorgarh District

2007-08, Cheriyan, George, Sharma, K.C., Murty, J.V.R., Agarwal, Sanjay, Shah, Parmesh

The current initiative was one of six pilot projects launched by the South Asia Sustainable Development Department of the World Bank aimed at the application of specific social accountability tools in different contexts of service delivery through the trust fund for Capacity Building and Piloting of Social Accountability Initiatives for Community Driven Development in South Asia. This note summarizes the findings, processes, concerns, and lessons learned from the Rajasthan pilot.

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Chhattisgarh, India: Performance Rating of Gram Panchayats through Community Score Cards

2007-09, Murty, J.V.R., Agarwal, Sanjay, Shah, Parmesh

The World Bank-supported Chhattisgarh District Rural Poverty Reduction Project (CGDPRP), also called locally as Nawa Anjor (New Light), aims at improving opportunities for poor and vulnerable communities in Chhattisgarh State. To achieve this goal, the project creates infrastructure and income opportunities for the rural poor, empowers disadvantaged groups, and helps local governments1 become more responsive and effective in assisting the poor. CGDPRP sought to develop a performance monitoring and rating system to build local government capacity, especially the Gram Panchayats (GPs). In this context the project experimented with the use of the Community Score Card (CSC) for identifying crucial issues that affect local service delivery, measure user satisfaction, empower village citizens (especially the poor and women), and rate the performance of GPs. This note summarizes the findings, processes, concerns, and lessons learned from the Chhattisgarh pilot.

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Maharashtra, India: Improving Panchayat Service Delivery through Community Score Cards

2007-08, Murty, J.V.R., Agarwal, Sanjay, Shah, Parmesh

This note summarizes the experiences from a pilot project undertaken by the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai, in partnership with the World Bank-sponsored Jalswarajya Project. The current initiative was one of six pilot projects launched by the South Asia Sustainable Development Department (SASAR) of the World Bank aimed at the application of specific social accountability tools in different contexts of service delivery through the trust fund for Capacity Building and Piloting of Social Accountability Initiatives for Community Driven Development in South Asia.