Miscellaneous Knowledge Notes

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  • Publication
    Count me in!: World Bank Education Global Practice - Impr oving Education Outcomes for Girls and Young Women
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2024-04-11) World Bank
    Ensuring that all girls and young women receive a quality education is their human right, a global development imperative, and a strategic priority for the World Bank. Achieving gender equality is central to the World Bank Group twin goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity on a livable planet. As the largest development partner in education globally, the World Bank ensures that all of its education projects are gender-sensitive, and works to overcome barriers that are preventing girls and boys from equally benefiting from countries’ investments in education.
  • Publication
    World Bank Climate and Health Program: Putting Health at the Center of Climate Investment and Action
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2024-04-11) World Bank
    As the climate crisis escalates, evidence is mounting about its growing harm to human health and well-being. Indeed, this relationship between climate change and human health is now one of the defining challenges of the era, and, at current trajectories of change, it will remain so for some time to come. The World Bank has launched a new Climate and Health Program whose aim is to slow and blunt the force of climate change’s dangerous collision with human health. The program pivots on three foundational components that will: assess country climate-health vulnerabilities and impacts to design country-tailored solutions; scale up investments to build low-carbon resilient health systems; and build and deepen partnerships at global, regional, and country levels to multiply and magnify these efforts. The Bank will use the full range of its financing instruments for both adaptation and mitigation activities.
  • Publication
    Ukraine - Human Development Update in Focus: Disability and Inclusion
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2024-04-04) World Bank
    The adverse impact of Russia’s invasion on persons with disabilities is the main focus of this human development update. It looks at how the Government of Ukraine is strengthening the protection of vulnerable groups to ensure inclusive service delivery.
  • Publication
    Viet Nam Macro Monitoring
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2024-04-03) World Bank
    Industrial production in Viet Nam decreased due to the Tet holiday in February 2024. The subdued domestic consumption and private investment warrants close monitoring. In contrast, recent high frequency data suggests strong upside risks to growth in advanced economies, especially US which could in turn induce a stronger recovery in Viet Nam. The government could further accelerate the implementation of its public investment program to support aggregate demand. Addressing banking sector vulnerabilities, including strengthening prudential supervision, early interventions and bank resolution and crisis management, would help put the banks on a stronger footing for recovery.
  • Publication
    Vietnam - Upgrading infrastructure design for universal accessibility
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2024-03-21) World Bank
    The World Bank’s Vietnam Scaling Up Urban Upgrading Project aimed to develop sustainable urban infrastructure in Vietnam’s Mekong Delta Region. The project focused on universally accessible design principles for infrastructure development and aimed to strengthen planning capacity, improve infrastructure design, increase awareness of universal accessibility, and promote green infrastructure. A QII Partnership grant supported the project by facilitating the application of principles and providing technical advice. These activities will benefit seven urbanizing cities, improve livelihoods, and reach approximately 90,000 individuals in low-income areas with universal accessibility design. It has also informed new World Bank initiatives to improve accessibility regionally and globally.
  • Publication
    Nepal Crisis Preparedness Gap Analysis: Policy Brief
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2024-03-13) World Bank
    Crisis preparedness is cral to preventing shocks from becoming crises. Investments in ex ante preparedness are especially relevant in countries like Nepal that face high levels of exposure and vulnerability to a range of risks. In seeking to identify opportunities to strengthen the Government of Nepal’s (GoN’s) capacity to prepare for crisis events in an effective and timely manner, this Technical Annex presents findings from the application of the Crisis Preparedness Gap Analysis (CPGA) diagnostic in the country. It provides details on findings and entry points across the five componnts of crisis preparedness. For a summary, please refer to the accompanying CPGA Nepal Briefing Note. Following a brief description of the CPGA methodology, the Technical Annex presents a summary of findings from each CPGA component alongside identification of entry points and opportunities to strengthen crisis preparedness in the country. To provide a holistic assessment of preparedness, the CPGA focuses on five core components of crisis preparedness. These are (i) Legal and Institutional Foundations, (ii) Understanding and Monitoring Risks, (iii) Financial Preparedness, (iv) Primary Response, and (v) Social and Livelihood Support.
  • Publication
    Thailand Monthly Economic Monitor, February 2024
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2024-03-11) World Bank
    Thailand's economic recovery lagged further behind ASEAN peers as growth was a disappointing 1.7 percent in the fourth quarter and resulted in slower annual growth of 1.9 percent in 2023. Growth was hampered by weak external sector and delayed budget approval. In December, economic activity softened due to weak manufacturing, investment, and goods export. Inflation remained negative for the third consecutive month due to falling energy and food prices as well as energy subsidies. In this context, the Bank of Thailand held its policy rate. The fiscal deficit decreased due to the delayed budget approval. In January, the Thai baht remained stable against major trading partners, despite significant net foreign portfolio outflows.
  • Publication
    Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Taxes: Rationale, Evidence and Design for Improving Health
    (Washington DC: World Bank, 2024-02-21) World Bank
    The purpose of this note is to provide an updated overview of 1) the rationale for implementing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxes, 2) the impact of SSB taxes on prices, the demand for SSBs and substitutes, and economic outcomes, and 3) tax design, revenue, and tax administration considerations. A summary of policy considerations is also provided to aid in decision-making.
  • Publication
    Philippines Monthly Economic Developments, January 2024
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2024-02-13) World Bank
    The economy expanded by 5.6 percent year-on-year in Q4 2023 as robust private consumption continued to fuel growth, while the recovery of tourism buoyed the expansion of services. The cumulative fiscal deficit declined in November 2023, while low external demand dampened goods exports, which weighed on manufacturing output growth. The unemployment rate fell to a 15-year low in November, supported by strong domestic demand during the holidays, yet job quality remains a concern.
  • Publication
    Valuation and Compensation of Unregistered and Customary Lands
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2024-02-12) World Bank
    Land tenure is a social construct and usually manifests as a set of rules that regulate how land rights are allocated among members of society. The case studies in this report reflect how countries address the challenges inherent in the valuation and compensation of unregistered and customary lands differently, but all seem to combine some formal eligibility criteria with participatory verification processes. International Financial Institutions (IFIs) played an important role in advancing compensation eligibility of legitimate informal occupants, which is becoming more important than ever as climate mitigation and adaptation require construction of a large number of renewable energy generation and transmission capacities where tenure rights are not clearly established.