Miscellaneous Knowledge Notes

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  • Publication
    Vulnerability of Internally Displaced Persons in Urban Settings
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2015-01) World Bank; UNHCR
    Internal displacement, rapid growth of urban areas and proliferation of informal settlements are in the spotlight of public policy debate in Afghanistan at present. This pamphlet discusses characteristics, livelihood strategies and vulnerabilities of households living in informal settlements in three urban centers in Afghanistan. These findings summarize the analysis from a joint World Bank-UNHCR ‘research study on IDPs in urban settings’, which illustrates the complexities of displacement and of urban informal settlement growth. Motivated by an existing knowledge gap on these issues, the analysis provides a starting point for discussion among actors directly or indirectly involved with management of problems related to displacement and urban informal settlements, including departments in the Government of Afghanistan, international institutions and stakeholders from civil society. The study documents the significance of displacement as a factor underlying vulnerabilities observed in informal settlements, and identifies IDPs as an extremely deprived segment of the population, even in comparison to the profile of urban poverty in the recent national risk and vulnerability assessment.
  • Publication
    Colombia: Improving Property Catastrophe Insurance Coverage of Public Infrastructure under Concessions
    (Washington, DC, 2013-10) World Bank
    The World Bank has been assisting the Government of Colombia (GoC) since 2012 in the preparation and implementation of an Integrated Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance (DRFI) strategy. To reduce GoC’s contingent liabilities to catastrophe risk, one component of the DRFI strategy seeks to enhance insurance requirements for concessions under Public Private Partnerships (PPPs). The World Bank delivered technical guidelines on insurance requirements for PPPs to the Ministry of Finance (MHCP). These have been integrated into the Master Insurance Contract, to which all PPPs must abide. The enhanced insurance contract provides minimum requirements for contract participants; standards and covers; underwriting information; and terms and conditions to reflect international (re)insurance market best practice.