Miscellaneous Knowledge Notes

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  • Publication
    Vietnam - Upgrading infrastructure design for universal accessibility
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2024-03-21) World Bank
    The World Bank’s Vietnam Scaling Up Urban Upgrading Project aimed to develop sustainable urban infrastructure in Vietnam’s Mekong Delta Region. The project focused on universally accessible design principles for infrastructure development and aimed to strengthen planning capacity, improve infrastructure design, increase awareness of universal accessibility, and promote green infrastructure. A QII Partnership grant supported the project by facilitating the application of principles and providing technical advice. These activities will benefit seven urbanizing cities, improve livelihoods, and reach approximately 90,000 individuals in low-income areas with universal accessibility design. It has also informed new World Bank initiatives to improve accessibility regionally and globally.
  • Publication
    Valuation and Compensation of Unregistered and Customary Lands
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2024-02-12) World Bank
    Land tenure is a social construct and usually manifests as a set of rules that regulate how land rights are allocated among members of society. The case studies in this report reflect how countries address the challenges inherent in the valuation and compensation of unregistered and customary lands differently, but all seem to combine some formal eligibility criteria with participatory verification processes. International Financial Institutions (IFIs) played an important role in advancing compensation eligibility of legitimate informal occupants, which is becoming more important than ever as climate mitigation and adaptation require construction of a large number of renewable energy generation and transmission capacities where tenure rights are not clearly established.
  • Publication
    Embedding Climate Resilience into Urban and Transport Projects
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2023-09-05) World Bank
    This note summarizes lessons and practices deployed in embedding climate resilience into the design of projects that received catalytic funds from The Africa Climate Resilience Investment Facility (AFRI-RES). It draws from application of the Resilience Booster Tool to specific projects, as relevant, Compendium Volume on Climate Resilient Investment in Sub-Saharan Africa (World Bank (2023a) and Guidance, Standards, and Good Practice Notes developed under the program.
  • Publication
    Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) Kinshasa’s Path Towards Resilient Urban Development
    (Washington, DC, 2023-08-23) World Bank
    With Kinshasa facing infrastructure and social exclusion challenges, the government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) partnered with the World Bank on the Kinshasa Multisector Development and Urban Resilience Project. This initiative improves transport, urban services, and infrastructure resilience. Supported by a grant from the QII Partnership, the project employed flood risk mapping and resilient infrastructure development, leveraging Japanese expertise in urban transport. As a result, the municipal government is better positioned to manage climate risks, develop robust, resilient infrastructure, and prioritize infrastructure investment opportunities.
  • Publication
    Learning from Japan's Experience in Integrated Urban Flood Risk Management: A Series of Knowledge Notes
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-02) World Bank
    Globally, floods are the most frequent and damaging natural hazard. This poses a serious development challenge to many countries and their efforts to reduce poverty and increase shared prosperity. To help manage the impact of floods on people and economies, the World Bank provides technical assistance, advisory services, and financial support to a range of countries and cities around the world. Facing different types and combinations of flood risk, Japan’s rich history, range of investments and approaches taken offers a unique knowledge opportunity for other countries seeking to adopt and advance integrated urban flood risk management (IUFRM). This series of knowledge notes compiles many of the key lessons learned from Japan’s IUFRM efforts. While any strategy to reduce disaster risk must be developed based on a close understanding of local contexts, the aim of this series is to help members of the international community improve their own approaches to managing urban floods. These notes are not intended to provide a comprehensive analysis but rather a snapshot highlighting key aspects, practice and lessons learnt from Japanese practice. The four knowledge notes in this series cover urban floods from assessment and planning through to implementation and maintenance.
  • Publication
    COVID-19 Monitoring Survey in Poor and Slum Areas of Dhaka and Chittagong: Bangladesh Food Security and Coping Strategies from Round 1, June 10 to July 10, 2020
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020) World Bank
    To track the impacts of the COVID-19 crisis on labor markets and household coping strategies, a rapid phone survey was implemented on a representative sample of households living in poor and slum areas of Dhaka and Chittagong City Corporations (CCs). This brief summarizes results from the first round of the rapid phone survey, conducted from June 10 to July 10, 2020 (see Appendix one for details of the survey design). This first brief in the series focuses on the labor market impacts of COVID-19.
  • Publication
    Living Conditions and Asset Ownership for the Host and Rohingya Populations in Cox's Bazar
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2019-11-25) World Bank
    The modules on housing characteristics and assets were administered as part of the household questionnaire of the Cox’s Bazar Panel Survey (CBPS) to the household head or an adult member (age 15+) with substantial knowledge about the daily activities of the household. Data was collected from 5,020 households across camp and host settlements (Camp settlements are defined as areas within the camp boundaries set by the government, UNHCR and IOM jointly. Host settlements are defined as all areas outside of the camp boundaries), on topics of housing conditions and asset holdings. This includes information on the construction material of housing, water and sanitation facilities, lighting and electricity usage, and current and past ownership of assets. The module generates representative statistics for hosts and displaced Rohingya population in Cox’s Bazar; and it can be further disaggregated into hosting areas with low and high exposure to the Rohingya influx
  • Publication
    Community Development Agreements
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2018-03-01) UNCTAD; World Bank
    This note provides guidance on negotiating, designing, and implementing community development agreements between investors and local communities. Some investors, in particular those thatoperate in remote rural areas, have made significant contributions to local development through social development programs. Their effectiveness and the manner in which they are implemented depend on the context and the capacity of the investor. The most successful programs include localcommunities in making decisions about scope, require investors to make binding commitments, and support rather than supplant governmental responsibilities.
  • Publication
    Relocation and Resettlement
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2018-03) UNCTAD; World Bank
    This note provides guidance on approaches to relocation and resettlement of people. Although resettlement is ideally avoided, the complexities of unclear, unrecognized, informal, and overlapping land claims in many areas means that it is an issue that investors and governments often need to address. Field research suggests room for improvement in processes and outcomes where resettlement had been undertaken. Critical factors for success included how resettled people perceived that their living situations had changed after resettlement, which includes compensation, access to livelihood opportunities, and social services. Also important was the extent to which people were consulted, where involved in decision making, and had access to grievance mechanisms.
  • Publication
    Enhancing Local Economic Impact
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2018-03-01) UNCTAD; World Bank
    This note provides guidance on how to ensure that an agricultural investment generates positive impacts on the local economy by encouraging and supporting opportunities arising for individuals, farmers, businesses, and institutions. Investments can have a transformative impact on the communities where they are located. Much of this impact can be long term, and go beyond the immediate activities of the investors, through economic linkages and spillover effects. Positive impacts on the local economy are not automatic: the policies and practices of the investor and the government influence outcomes. Careful management and choice of agricultural investments, and provision of complementary initiatives by investors and by governments, can maximize the benefits arising from economic linkages and spillovers while minimizing the risks.