Other Infrastructure Study

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  • Publication
    Sustainable Development of Inland Waterways Transport in Vietnam: Strengthening the Regulatory, Institutional and Funding Frameworks
    (Washington, DC, 2022) World Bank
    Vietnam has a long history of using its rivers and canals for transportation of goods and people. Today, Vietnam’s waterways transport about 17 percent of all domestic goods tonage loaded in Vietnam and perform nearly 19 percent of all traffic tasks, a measure which combines both tonnes loaded and distance carried. These are very high levels by international standards, and Vietnam’s national freight task proportion is more than double that for China, the United States, and the European Union where inland waterways are also prevalent. Right after its integration into the international economic community in the late 1980s, Vietnam listed the development of inland waterways transport as one of its priorities to boost economic growth. Overcoming financing constraints, the country has made enormous strides in developing its inland waterways transport by efficiently exploiting the natural conditions of its rivers and canals. However, exploiting only the natural conditions of Vietnam’s inland waterways could diminish the country’s competitive advantage over time. In order to bring the waterways’ great potential into reality, further investment is required in the institutional structure, in strengthening the legal and regulatory framework, and in improvement of the funding framework for the sector. This report provides a comprehensive review and assessment of the challenges that the sector faces, along with a reform program recommended to the government of Vietnam that could help improve the enabling environment for the inland waterways transport industry and further its growth and technical sophistication.
  • Publication
    Zambia Wildlife Sector Policy : Situation Analysis and Recommendations for a Future Policy
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2012-05) Sichilongo, Mwape; Mulozi, Pamela; Mbewe, Biston; Machala, Chomba; Pavy, Jean-Michel
    Zambia is endowed with an abundance of natural resources that include, water, forests and wildlife. The country's wildlife resources are managed through government-supported National Parks and Game Management Areas (GMAs) and private sector game ranches. The main objective of this wildlife sector policy review is to consolidate the findings collected from an extensive bibliography published during the life of the current policy, and the analysis of key sector practitioners. The second objective is to analyze these findings with a view to formulating broad recommendations to inform the design of the new vision and new policy of the sector. This document aims to identify policy issues that would provide a basis for the creation of an enabling environment for the development of the wildlife sector as a growth sector according to the Sixth National Development Plan (SNDP) and the vision 2030. It contains five provisional priority recommendations that offer practical solutions and six strategic options which constitute policy objectives. In conclusion, an improvement of the policy framework could have a large impact on how people and wildlife relate and coexist in Zambia. This policy review confirmed that, while important policy measures are necessary, particularly for shared growth, the adoption of a forward looking wildlife policy and act will not be sufficient if it is not accompanied by unequivocal willingness on the part of Government to reorganize and strengthen Zambia Wildlife Authority's (ZAWA's) capacity and provide financing commensurate to its need.
  • Publication
    Ethiopia : Managing Water Resources to Maximize Sustainable Growth
    (Washington, DC, 2006) World Bank
    This report looks at, and beyond, the management hydrological variability to interventions aimed at decreasing the vulnerability of the economy to these shocks. It helps clarify linkages between the country's economic performance and its water resources endowment and management. It then uses this analysis to recommend both water resource strategies and economic and sectoral policies that will enhance growth and insulate the Ethiopian people and economy from the often devastating, economy-wide effects of water shocks. This report finds that unmitigated hydrological variability currently costs the economy over one third of its growth potential. The very structure of the Ethiopian economy with its heavy reliance on rainfed subsistence agriculture makes it particularly vulnerable to hydrological variability. Its current extremely low levels of hydraulic infrastructure and limited water resources management capacity undermine attempts to manage variability. These circumstances leave Ethiopia's economic performance virtually hostage to its hydrology.
  • Publication
    Kingdom of Morocco - Recent Economic Development in Infrastructure : Water Supply and Sanitation Sector
    (Washington, DC, 2004-06) World Bank
    As part of its agenda to promote economic growth, improve access to services, and control environmental degradation, the Government of Morocco (GOM) has set the following objectives: increase access to potable urban water to the population to 100 percent by year 2008; increase access to potable rural water to 92 percent by year 2007; in regard to pollution control abatement, increase treatment of wastewater loads from 7 percent in 2004 to 60 percent by 2010, and to 80 percent by 2015. This report is a diagnostic of infrastructure needs and services in Morocco's water supply and sanitation sector (" the water sector ") in both urban and rural areas. It provides an overview of the economic context, and of the sector's organization, institutional and regulatory framework, performance, services to the poor, and investment needs. Options and recommendations for reform are the subject of ongoing policy dialogue with the Government of Morocco, and will be presented in detail in separate documents due for later publication.