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Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2020-10) Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and RecoveryThis handbook outlines an approach to proactively manage the risks of geohazards on roads, road users, and the people living near and affected by road. This handbook is structured to support road geohazard risk management sequentially and systematically: Part I, Framework for Road Geohazard Risk Management, helps users understand the framework for road geohazard risk management, introduces some basic concepts, and provides context to the overall handbook; Part II, Institutional Capacity and Coordination, covers the institutional arrangements that are necessary for the successful implementation of geohazard management; Part III, Systems Planning, covers the systems planning aspects, pertaining to the identification, assessment, and evaluation of risks, along with raising awareness of disasters; Part IV, Engineering and Design, deals with the engineered solutions to address geohazard risks, giving examples of different solutions to particular risk types; Part V, Operations and Maintenance, focuses on the operations and maintenance aspects of geohazard management whether the maintenance of previously engineered solutions or the nonengineered solutions available to mitigate the impacts of geohazard risks; Part VI, Contingency Planning, addresses contingency programming issues, such as postdisaster response and recovery, and the important issue of funding arrangements; and Part VII, References and Resource Materials, contains the reference list and additional online resources. Additionally, this handbook includes standard templates for terms of reference (ToRs) that can be adapted for technical assistance projects for road geohazard risk management (see Appendix A) and an operation manual (OM) for the practitioners involved with road geohazard risk management (see Appendix B).
Publication(World Bank, Tokyo, 2018-05-23) World BankGlobally, up to 1.4 million people are moving into urban areas per week, and estimates indicate that nearly 1 billion new dwelling units will be built by 2050 to support this growing population. The way we build our cities today directly impacts the safety of future generations. Building code and regulation have proven to be cost-effective tools to promote healthy, safe sand resilient cities. Japan’s effective use of building regulations to reduce risk is a compelling success story and provides a number of relevant lessons for low- and middle-income countries. Japan has proven that effective disaster risk reduction is possible, even in the face of highly destructive disasters. Among other measures, its building regulations have played a crucial role.
Publication(Washington, DC, 2017) World BankResilient economic infrastructure plays an increasingly significant role in mitigating natural disaster risks, including hydrometeorological and geophysical hazards, especially in the contexts of climate variability and change. Building on the theoretical approaches to the key challenges in resilient infrastructure public-private partnerships (PPPs) outlined by Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF), the World Bank's Global Infrastructure Facility (GIF) and the Tokyo Disaster Risk Management (DRM) Hub have initiated a knowledge project on "Resilient Infrastructure PPPs—Contracts and Procurement" to harness the knowledge and expertise gained from PPP projects in selected countries to help the governments of low- and middle-income countries to prepare and structure disaster-resilient infrastructure PPPs. This report presents a case study of infrastructure PPP projects in Japan under the knowledge development component. Japan is highly exposed to natural disaster risks ranging from earthquake, tsunami, cyclone, floods, and landslides to volcanic eruptions. Japan's experience in structuring resilient infrastructure PPPs offers policy recommendations and insights on how disaster and climate risks can be managed under PPPs.
Publication(World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016) Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and RecoveryJapan's Program for Earthquake-Resistant School Buildings has increased the seismic safety of Japanese schools, and hence increased the safety of Japanese schoolchildren, teachers, and communities. Since 2003, when the program accelerated, the share of earthquake-resistant public elementary and junior high schools has increased, from under half of schools in 2002 to over 95 percent in April 2015. Japan is sharing knowledge from this program with developing countries through its relationship with the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), whose Global Program for Safer Schools has been supported by the Japan–World Bank Program for Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Management in Developing Countries and its implementing arm, the Disaster Risk Management Hub, Tokyo.