As donors pledge growing support for
protecting and managing forests to address climate change,
the question of how to pay tropical countries to reduce
their emissions from deforestation and forest degradation
assumes greater urgency. Depending on the detailed
implementation of REDD plus at a national and international
level, forest nations may be able to secure funding from a
range of sources, including donors and multilateral funds (a
funded approach) and the voluntary and compliance carbon
markets (a carbon markets-based approach). These payments
are supposed to act as financial incentives that will
engender changes in behavior and policy frameworks, spur the
development of appropriate institutional arrangements and
needed technologies, and motivate both national and
international coordination to achieve REDD plus objectives.
These pages provide a brief synthesis of four papers
financed by the Program on Forests (PROFOR). All four papers
are included in a CD enclosed at the end of this booklet.
The papers are: making benefit sharing arrangements work for
forest-dependent people: overview of insights for REDD plus
Initiative (Chandrasekharan Behr, 2012); identifying and
working with beneficiaries when rights are unclear (Bruce,
2012); assessing options for effective mechanisms to share
benefits (PwC, 2012); and benefit sharing in practice.