Other Infrastructure Study

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  • Publication
    Study on Regulation of Private Operators in the Port of Djibouti
    (Washington, DC, 2012-06) World Bank
    Within a partnership framework with the Emirate of Dubai, the government of Djibouti has developed, during the last decade, an outstanding port and logistics hub with few precedents in other African countries. The objective of the present study is to strengthen the competitiveness of the ports of Djibouti (old port of Djibouti and new port of Doraleh) and ensure their medium-term and long-term development by designing a modern and efficient regulation system for private port operators, and specifically addressing issues related to the quality of service and pricing, in addition to institutional related issues. The port of Djibouti's competitiveness can be measured by its capacity to counter competition from other ports through the quality of its infrastructures and services, performance and port costs. Real or potential competition facing the port of Djibouti concerns non-captive traffic and its two components, transit and transshipment traffic. The port of Djibouti's natural competitors for Ethiopia's transit traffic are the ports of Berbera, Assab, Massawa, Port Soudan and Mombasa due to landlocked Ethiopia's extensive terrestrial borders with Somalia, Eritrea, Soudan, and Kenya. But this competition remains potential and very marginal due to the unfavorable geopolitical context and/or the inferior quality of infrastructures of these ports. Conditions of competition regarding transit traffic could nevertheless evolve as it is in Ethiopia's natural interest to diversify its sea-access routes so as not to depend on a single port that may be tempted to abuse of its dominant position with non-competitive tariffs. Contrary to existing competition on container transshipment traffic, potential competition on transit traffic will have a more considerable impact on all Djibouti port operators in terms of tonnage handled and revenue loss, as it will affect all types of traffic (conventional and containerized, liquid and dry bulk) and because transit charges are considerably more lucrative than transshipment charges. Port activities that need to be regulated to reinforce the port of Djibouti's competitiveness are the commercial services for cargos and vessels provided by port operators.
  • Publication
    Regional Cross-Border Trade Facilitation and Infrastructure Study for Mashreq Countries
    (Washington, DC, 2011-04) World Bank
    Many opportunities for trade of the Mashreq (Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon and Syria) countries are being lost because of inefficient trade facilitation processes and procedures, and to a lesser extent because of underdeveloped transport infrastructure. Implementation of the Pan Arab Free Trade Agreement has substantially reduced formal trade barriers between the countries. There is today extensive knowledge on the institutional arrangements for such agencies that work best under different conditions. Trade facilitation and transport services are largely the responsibility of private operators, yet an increase in their effectiveness would come through this agency which would include both private and public sector representation. The institutional proposals included in the short and medium term action plans are designed to create this new context. Recent initiatives within the Arab League to establish sub-regional committees of transport ministers have a similar objective of bringing a more focused attention to addressing trade facilitation issues. The proposal for a corridor management system presented in this report builds on these initiatives and draws on the experience gained from the operation of management systems in other corridors. This study used two analytical tools to assess the major trade and transport impediments to increased trade.
  • Publication
    Yemen, Republic of - Republic of Yemen Air Transport Sector : Strategy Note
    (World Bank, 2010-09-01) World Bank
    Yemen, the fastest urbanizing country in the Middle East and North Africa region, has a very limited natural resource base and the efficiency of its cities is therefore essential for its future economic growth. However, this efficiency is increasingly handicapped by the poor performance of urban transport, especially in the capital Sana'a. This report presents the main findings of this review and makes key recommendations to improve the efficiency of urban transport in Sana'a. It contains the following chapters: a first chapter presents the general context of the study, characterized by fast demographic and spatial growth in Sana'a, causing major difficulties in terms of urban transport management; a second chapter analyses and describes the main underlying issues affecting the performance and efficiency of Sana'a transport system; a third chapter presents institutional, technical and financing recommendations to improve the performance of Sana'a transport system; and a fourth chapter presents a tentative three-year action plan for implementation of the recommendations.
  • Publication
    Broadband Wireless Access in Egypt
    (Washington, DC, 2006-12) World Bank
    This paper discusses current and future developments in wireless technology and infastructure in Egypt. One of the important regulatory decisions made in Egypt is that policy related to broadband wireless will be technology neutral. Consequently, the regulator cannot decide about which operators should use specific technologies. This approach is beneficial for the overall development of the market and deployment of networks because: It allows operators and service providers to decide on which technology or mix of technologies is best for given service and market requirements, budget outlays, and deployment scenarios. Such an approach promotes technical and economic efficiency since each service providerwill attempt to maximize revenues and their subscriber base. The flexibility allows the regulator to ensure that the market can deploy the latest technology with the least regulatory overhead. Allowing only one technology into the market place will restrict the range of choices available to consumers.