Other Infrastructure Study

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  • Publication
    The Status of Infrastructure Services in East Asia and Pacific
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2017-10-03) World Bank Group
    Infrastructure plays an important role in the economic and social development of any country. Access to reliable, high-quality, efficient and affordable infrastructure services is a critical factor for reducing poverty and inequality, promoting economic growth and improving productivity, creating jobs, and promoting environmental sustainability and resilience in the face of major uncertainties including climate change. Given the World Bank Group’s active role in infrastructure development, the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) regional team has commissioned this report to take stock of the current levels of access, quality, tariffs, and costs associated with infrastructure services. This report aims to provide an overview of the status of economic infrastructure in several key sectors in the EAP region, particularly for networked infrastructure services such as urban water supply and sewerage, road transport, and electricity distribution. The exercise aims to shed light on the areas of greatest need, as well as to identify which sectors and geographical areas most require focused investments. The report also offers an account of trends and current levels of private sector investment in EAP countries to help inform financing strategies and decisions.
  • Publication
    Sri Lanka PPP Diagnostic Note: Accelerating Infrastructure Investment through PPPs
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2017-08-31) World Bank Group
    Fiscal constraints and limited budget resources will require the Government of Sri Lanka to explore and consider alternative financing options to address the country’s infrastructure needs. One option to address these constraints is to mobilize private sector financing through the use of Public Private Partnerships (PPPs). However, it is important to note that PPPs have direct and indirect fiscal and financial implications which need to be assessed on a case by case basis and fully understood by participating agencies and policy makers.
  • Publication
    Back to Planning: How to Close Brazil's Infrastructure Gap in Times of Austerity
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2017-07-12) Raiser, Martin; Procee, Paul; Briceno-Garmendia, Cecilia; Kikoni, Edith; Kizito, Joseph; Vinuela, Lorena
    Why does Brazil continue to lag its peers in the quality of physical infrastructure? What are the implications for growth prospects? What could be done to close the infrastructure gap? These are the key questions addressed in this new report on infrastructure in Brazil. The key argument of the report is that Brazil needs to improve its capacity to plan and prioritize its infrastructure investments. Poorly prioritized and prepared infrastructure investments are a key reason why successive government programs, often with significant budget allocations, have had limited impact. Insufficient planning efforts have meant that what investment takes place has done little to reduce glaring inefficiencies and losses. With more efforts upstream to prepare a robust pipeline of projects, Brazil is in an excellent position to attract commercial financing to its infrastructure. With more attention to sector planning and governance, losses could be reduced and the effective resources available to infrastructure could be roughly doubled. This in turn would help boost growth and improve the quality of public services without the need for much additional public money. The report analyzes recent government measures such as the creation of the PPI and develops recommendations how infrastructure can become an engine of economic recovery in Brazil.
  • Publication
    Linking Up: Public-Private Partnerships in Power Transmission in Africa
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2017-06-06) World Bank Group
    The 'Linking up: Public-Private Partnerships in Power Transmission in Africa' report examines private sector-led investments in transmission globally and how this approach is applicable in sub-Saharan Africa. The private sector has invested over US$25 billion in the generation sector in Africa, and across other regions, has also participated successfully in transmission networks in many countries in Latin America and Asia. In these regions, private sector participation has reduced project costs and expanded coverage. The report draws lessons from case studies and highlights what regulations and other factors are needed to attract private sector interest in transmission projects.
  • Publication
    Ukraine National Quality Infrastructure Gap Assessment
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2017-05) Uğur, Hüseyin; Mikhnev, Andrei; Kuzmina, Iryna
    On request of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine, an NQI Market Gap Assessment for Ukraine was conducted to inform various reform initiatives being implemented by the Government of Ukraine. This Assessment is aimed at evaluating market gaps between supply of and demand for quality assurance services in Ukraine and includes analyses of the current status and capabilities of facilities providing quality assurance services and of producers’ demand for such services, particularly in relation to European Union market access.
  • Publication
    Seismic Risk Reduction Strategy for Public School Buildings in Peru
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2017-02) Universidad de los Andes; World Bank
    The Ministry of Education of Peru (MINEDU), through the General Directorate for School Infrastructure (DIGEIE), prepared the National School Infrastructure Plan to 2025 (PNIE). Within this framework, the MINEDU commissioned the National Institute of Statistics and Information (INEI) with carrying out the School Infrastructure Census (CIE) which started on September 2013 and was completed in 2014. The MINEDU requested the World Bank’s technical assistance for the analysis of the results obtained from the CIE as well as for devising a strategy to reduce seismic vulnerability and for the formulation of the PNIE. Under this program, a nationwide probabilistic seismic risk assessment of school infrastructure was carried out, which constitutes the basis for defining the seismic risk reduction strategies and for setting intervention priorities to optimize the required investments. In turn, the risk reduction strategy aims mainly to reduce the risk of death or injuries in the educational community to reduce damages to the property and infrastructure, and to minimize disruption of the educational services in the event of an earthquake. This note presents a summary of the seismic risk assessment of the school infrastructure countrywide and a strategy for reducing its vulnerability. This study is an integral part of the main results of a program funded by the Government of Japan and the global facility for disaster reduction and recovery (GFDRR), the main objective of which is to integrate disaster risk management into infrastructure sectors.
  • Publication
    Resilient Infrastructure Public-Private Partnerships: Contracts and Procurement – The Case of Japan
    (Washington, DC, 2017) World Bank
    Resilient economic infrastructure plays an increasingly significant role in mitigating natural disaster risks, including hydrometeorological and geophysical hazards, especially in the contexts of climate variability and change. Building on the theoretical approaches to the key challenges in resilient infrastructure public-private partnerships (PPPs) outlined by Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF), the World Bank's Global Infrastructure Facility (GIF) and the Tokyo Disaster Risk Management (DRM) Hub have initiated a knowledge project on "Resilient Infrastructure PPPs—Contracts and Procurement" to harness the knowledge and expertise gained from PPP projects in selected countries to help the governments of low- and middle-income countries to prepare and structure disaster-resilient infrastructure PPPs. This report presents a case study of infrastructure PPP projects in Japan under the knowledge development component. Japan is highly exposed to natural disaster risks ranging from earthquake, tsunami, cyclone, floods, and landslides to volcanic eruptions. Japan's experience in structuring resilient infrastructure PPPs offers policy recommendations and insights on how disaster and climate risks can be managed under PPPs.