Hentschel, Jesko

Latin America & Caribbean
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Fields of Specialization
Poverty, Labor Economics, Jobs, Mixed Method Approaches, Urban Poverty, Equity
Latin America & Caribbean
Externally Hosted Work
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Last updated February 1, 2023
Jesko Hentschel is the World Bank Director for Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay, based in Buenos Aires. Hentschel is works for the World Bank since 1992. Throughout his 20 year career, Hentschel has specialized in poverty reduction and human development issues as well as public finance and has experience in several regions including Africa, Europe and Central Asia, South Asia and Latin America. In 2013, Hentschel was one of the principal authors of the World Development Report 2013 that focused on jobs. Before joining the Southern Cone, he served as Sector Director for Human Development in South Asia. Hentschel is an economist and a PhD in International Trade, Development and Econometrics from the University of Konstanz (Germany). He also has a Master in Science Policy and Planning in Developing Countries from the London School of Economics (UK) and a Masters in Agricultural Economics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison (USA). Hentschel is a German national, has lived in Argentina, Turkey and Madagascar, and speaks English, Spanish, French and German.

Publication Search Results

Now showing 1 - 6 of 6
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    Bundling Services and Household Welfare in Developing Countries: The Case of Peru
    (World Bank, Washington, D.C., 2003-11) Chong, Alberto ; Hentschel, Jesko ; Saavedra, Jaime
    Using panel data for Peru for 1994-2000, the authors find that when households receive two, or more services jointly, the welfare increases as measured by changes in consumption are larger than when services are provided separately. The increases appear to be more than proportional, as F-tests on the coefficients of the corresponding regressors confirm. Thus, the authors find that bundling services may help realize welfare effects.
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    Using Rapid City Surveys to Inform Municipal Social Policy: An Application in Cali, Colombia
    (World Bank, Washington, D.C., 2004-08) Hentschel, Jesko
    Many developing countries assign local governments increasing responsibilities in fighting poverty. This requires local social policy to go beyond the execution of centrally designed and funded education and health programs. Hence, local governments and their partners have both an opportunity and a need to analyze key local bottlenecks for poverty reduction and social development. Drawing on an example from Cali, Colombia, The author describes a tool for such policy formulation at the local level-a rapid city household survey. Although the survey uses pre-coded and closed- ended questions, it is contextual in the sense that it is tailor-made to social and economic conditions in Cali. The survey places particular emphasis on collecting key quantitative information, such as household welfare and service access, as well as qualitative information, such as service evaluations and population priorities. Combining the quantitative and qualitative data allows, for example, the mapping of population budget priorities or service satisfaction levels by welfare group. Rapid city household surveys could provide an important tool for the development of local social policies.
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    From Occupations to Embedded Skills : A Cross-Country Comparison
    (World Bank, Washington, D.C., 2013-08) Aedo, Cristian ; Hentschel, Jesko ; Luque, Javier ; Moreno, Martin
    This paper derives the skill content of 30 countries, ranging from low-income to high-income ones, from the occupational structure of their economies. Five different skills are defined.. Cross-country measures of skill content show that the intensity of national production of manual skills declines with per capita income in a monotonic way, while it increases for non-routine cognitive and interpersonal skills. For some countries, the analysis is able to trace the development of skill intensities of aggregate production over time. The paper finds that although the increasing intensity of non-routine skills is uniform across countries, patterns of skill intensities with respect to different forms of routine skills differ markedly.
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    With the Help of One's Neighbors : Externalities in the Production of Nutrition in Peru
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2001-06) Alderman, Harold ; Hentschel, Jesko ; Sabates, Ricardo
    Both public, and private resources contribute to children's nutritional status. And investments by one household may improve health in other neighborhood households, by improving the sanitation environment, and increasing shared knowledge. The authors measure the externalities of investments in nutrition, by indicating the impact of women's education in Peruvian neighborhoods, on children's nutrition in other households, after controlling for those households' education, and income. They find that in rural areas this shared knowledge has a significant impact on nutrition. The coefficient of an increase in the average education in the neighborhood is appreciably larger than the coefficient of education in isolation. That is, educating women in rural areas, improves all children's nutritional status, even for those whose caregivers are themselves not educated. In both urban, and rural areas, they observe externalities from investments in sanitation made by neighboring households. They do not find the same externalities in the case of investments, only in the household water supply. There is a direct link between the caregivers' education, and their children's health status. Education transmits information about health, and nutrition. It teaches numeracy, and literacy, which help caregivers read labels, and instructions. Bu exposing caregivers to new environments, it makes them receptive to modern medical treatment. It gives women the confidence to participate in decision-making within a household, and it gives men, and women the confidence to interact with health care professionals.
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    Life Chances in Turkey : Expanding Opportunities for the Next Generation
    (World Bank, 2010) Hentschel, Jesko ; Aran, Meltem ; Can, Raif ; Ferreira, Francisco H.G. ; Gignoux, Jeremie ; Uraz, Arzu
    Life chances explore the state of equality of opportunities in Turkey. It builds on the concepts and ideas presented in the World Development Report 2006: equity and development. The authors assess how today's distribution of wealth and the success of children in learning to read and write are shaped by the past, by factors predetermined at birth, factors over which today's children and families have no control: one's gender, parents' and grandparents' education, region and area of birth, or mother tongue. Some of the findings are stark, especially as they pertain to how the opportunities today's children have affect the future of the country: a girl born in a remote village to a poor family and parents with primary education degrees will very likely struggle in almost every area of her development. Compared with a boy born to well-off, highly educated parents in one of the urban centers in the country's west, that girl is four times as likely to suffer from low birth weight, one-third as likely to be immunized, and ten times as likely to have her growth stunted as a result of malnutrition. Similarly she has a one-in-five chance of completing high school, whereas the boy will likely finish school and move on to college. Life chances shows how investing in early childhood education has huge payoffs, for disadvantaged children as well as social and economic development at large. This book goes beyond tradeoffs between efficiency and equity. It shows that a focus on equity, equality of opportunities, can also lead to enhanced efficiency, once the productive capabilities of all citizens are nurtured to their fullest extent regardless of the luck of the draw at birth.
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    Using Disaggregated Poverty Maps to Plan Sectoral Investments
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 1998-05) Hentschel, Jesko ; Lanjouw, Peter
    This poverty note analyzes the usefulness of poverty maps, and how they can be constructed using census and survey data, for the use and benefit of policy makers to focus scarce development resources. The note goes on to describe various kinds of poverty maps, such as those based on indexes of welfare, basic needs indicators, and disaggregated consumption-based factors. Methodologies to create these maps, are further discussed at some length.