Gutiérrez Bernal, Marcela

Global Practice on Education
Profile Picture
Author Name Variants
Fields of Specialization
Global Practice on Education
Externally Hosted Work
Contact Information
Last updated January 31, 2023
Marcela has five years of experience designing, implementing and evaluating social programs in more than 10 countries in Latin America, Asia, the Middle East and the Western Balkans. Her areas of work include poverty reduction and social protection systems, conditional and emergency cash transfer programs, financial inclusion initiatives and early childhood development strategies. She worked with the World Bank Group as a project coordinator of the STEP Skills Measurement Program: the first-ever initiative to measure cognitive and socio-emotional skills in more than 16 developing countries. She also worked as a Senior Advisor to the Ministry of Social Protection and Inclusion in the Republic of Peru. Previously, she was employed at the Inter-American Development Bank, where she assisted in the ideation, execution, assessment and continuous improvement of Government programs and strategies in Colombia and Panama. Marcela is currently pursuing a Masters degree in Public Administration/International Development at Harvard University. She holds a MA and BA in Economics from Universidad de los Andes (Bogota, Colombia) and a BA in Business Administration.

Publication Search Results

Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Thumbnail Image
    Education, Skills, and Labor Market Outcomes: Results from Large-Scale Adult Skills Surveys in Urban Areas in 12 Countries
    (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2016-05) Roseth, Viviana V. ; Valerio, Alexandria ; Gutierrez, Marcela
    In recent years, skills development has become a priority among developed and developing countries alike. The World Bank Group, in its quest to end extreme poverty and promote shared prosperity, has joined efforts with countries and multilateral development partners to ensure that individuals have access to quality education and training opportunities and that employers can find the skills they need to operate. The skills towards employability and productivity (STEP) skills measurement program is part of the World Bank’s portfolio of analytical products on skills. The STEP program consists of two survey instruments that collect information on the supply and demand for skills in urban areas: a household survey and an employer survey. STEP has been implemented in waves, the first surveys being implemented in seven countries in 2012 (Bolivia, Colombia, Ghana, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic (PDR), Ukraine, Vietnam, and the Yunnan Province in China), and the second in five countries in 2013 (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kenya, and Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of (FYR)). The data presented in this publication correspond to these countries. It illustrates the similarities and differences among groups that have completed different education levels on a wide range of issues and outcomes. Section one analyzes the trajectory of skills acquisition: participation in early childhood education programs, educational attainment by gender, and participation in training and apprenticeship programs. Section two explores background conditions associated with educational attainment, including the socioeconomic status of survey respondents at age 15, the educational attainment of their parents, their households’ asset levels, their health (as expressed by the presence of chronic illness), and their overall satisfaction with life. Section three covers cognitive skills: writing, numeracy, and reading (which is also evaluated through a direct reading assessment). Section four covers job-relevant skills, which are task-specific and which respondents possess or use on the job; and section five covers socio-emotional skills, using established metrics to measure personality and behavior. Section six covers the status of survey respondents in the labor market: whether they are employed, unemployed, or inactive.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Taking Stock of Programs to Develop Socioemotional Skills: A Systematic Review of Program Evidence
    (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2016-08-01) Sánchez Puerta, Maria Laura ; Valerio, Alexandria ; Gutiérrez Bernal, Marcela
    This book represents a systematic review of the documented impacts of programs aimed at fostering socio-emotional skills in developed and developing countries. It uses a life-cycle approach to organize the findings from rigorous evaluations of more than 80 programs. This includes programs for toddlers and young children before primary school, programs for students enrolled in formal education, and programs targeted at the out-of-school population. The book develops a conceptual framework that helps to identify the program characteristics and participants’ profiles associated with a range of program outcomes. These include health-related, behavioral, academic or cognitive, and economic-related outcomes. The review finds that few of the programs studied focus exclusively on the development of socio-emotional skills. In fact, most efforts to develop socio-emotional skills are embedded within innovative education and training curricula, as well as pedagogical and classroom practices. Evidence shows that programs are particularly effective when targeted to highly vulnerable populations and, in particular, to young children. Overall, findings indicate that high-quality programs for young children tend to foster cognitive abilities in the short run and to impact socio-emotional skills over the long run. Programs for students enrolled in formal education (primary and secondary levels) show positive and significant impacts on the outcomes reviewed. The most successful of these programs are implemented school-wide and follow the SAFE approach: that is, they are appropriately sequenced, active, focused, and explicit. Finally, the review finds that programs for out-of-school children and youth are usually designed as a means of achieving immediate labor market outcomes (e.g., job-placement, formal employment, and higher wages). While some of these programs show positive and statistically significant impacts on socio-emotional skills, the impacts tend to be small.